Operations function - scientific management, Operation Management

Assignment Help:

Operations Function - Scientific Management

The operations function, a short account was given of the work of Frederick Winslow Taylor (1911), in the decades straddling the beginning of the twentieth century. This work, and that of the scientific management movement which he led, not only laid the foundations of modern operations management, but has had, and continues to have, a major impact on the development of the world's economies. We will now briefly discuss its significance. Before Taylorism, industrial work was generally undertaken by workers who were skilled to some degree. By and large, managements made no attempt to predetermine either the methods employed in doing the work, or the time it should take. For example, if a heap of coal had to be moved from one place to another, a manager would instruct the leader of a gang of shovellers to do it; how it would be done and how long it would take was left to the workers.

With such a mind-set the manager's only scope for increasing output was to find ways of encouraging or coercing employees to work longer or harder. The post-Taylor concept of productivity improvement did not exist. Based on his own work experiences, Taylor argued that the planning and execution of work tasks should be separated, management taking responsibility for determining the most effective methods, establishing a measurement of the resulting work content, and providing the necessary equipment and training to allow the workers to employ them effectively. He also stressed that the workers should be rewarded with a fair share of the gains made from the resultant improvement in performance. (Taylor's work, The principles of scientific management is available on the intranet.)

In his own time, and ever since, Taylor has been vilified by some, for what they judge to be his responsibility for the inhumane treatment of people. What such critics often ignore is Taylor's own views on how workers should be treated, and the stupendous economic gains that his ideas have produced. Here are the views of one of the most eminent writers on business, Peter Drucker (1999), expressed in one of his most recent books, Management Challenges for the 21st Century: Within a decade after Taylor first looked at work and studied it, the productivity of the manual worker began its unprecedented rise. Since then it has been going up steadily at the rate of 3 per cent per annum compound - which means it has risen fifty-fold since Taylor. On this achievement rests all the economic and social gains of the 20th century.


Related Discussions:- Operations function - scientific management

Calculating idle time and itilization, How do I calculate idle time and uti...

How do I calculate idle time and utilization in a two=stage processing problem?

Define conflict between earning profit and being responsible, There is some...

There is sometimes a perceived conflict between earning profit and being responsible. What should CanGo do about adding violent games to their product mix? What impact might this h

Porter''s value system shows the organisation, Porter's value system shows ...

Porter's value system shows the organisation in terms of      The value chains of suppliers, channels and the customer.

Why competitive priorities are important, Androsia manufactures batik fabri...

Androsia manufactures batik fabrics in a labor intensive, low-volume process on the island of Andros. The Hershey tour shows how cocoa beans are processed into chocolate using a hi

Explain ongoing risk exists in any project, Ongoing risk exists in any proj...

Ongoing risk exists in any project. Once a project starts, risk increases. How should one monitor and mitigate risk in a rapidly changing project?

Operation Management, what are the factors that affect productivity

what are the factors that affect productivity

Operations scheduling in job shop type production, Operations Scheduling in...

Operations Scheduling in job shop type production Operations scheduling is the organizing function of an operations manager. This function of the operation manager is most impor

How to determine the upper control limit, Six samples of subgroup size 5 (n...

Six samples of subgroup size 5 (n=5) were collected. Determine the upper control limit (UCL) for an X-Bar chart if the mean of the sample averages is 4.7 and the mean of the samp

Explain democracy of goods, The concept of the "democracy of goods" means w...

The concept of the "democracy of goods" means what? 1. Fill in the blanks: By Mistake, someone left spaces unfilled in the status report below. a. Please complete the report

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd