Number of faults to line length, Basic Statistics

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A study on the occurrence of line faults in an electricity supply network was carried out over a two-year period.  Data was collected from six regions on the number of faults per year in each of the two years, and gave the results shown in the table below.

(a)   Region

(b)   Year

Line length (miles)

# of Faults.

Midlands

2008

15.6

15

Midlands

2009

15.6

18

North

2008

23.66

22

North

2009

23.66

16

South

2008

26.40

23

South

2009

26.40

18

East

2008

33.58

18

East

2009

33.58

28

West

2008

47.30

33

West

2009

47.30

27

Coast

2008

50.64

30

Coast

2009

50.64

27

(a)   Does the data indicate that the number of faults per mile has changed from year 2008 to year 2009?

(b)Draw the graph relating Number of Faults to Line length.

(c) Does the data support the suggestion that the two variables (# Faults and Line length) are related?  If so, find the relationship between them and state the probable limits of the Regression Coefficient with 95% confidence.

(d) Test the hypothesis that the graph should pass through the origin (i.e. a = 0).  Explain what this means in practical terms.


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