Lymphatic system, Biology


  • As 'Middle man' of circulation it mediates exchange between blood and the tissue. It is also a collecting system like venous system.
  • Basically 'open type' circulation but also consists of thin walled lymphatic channels and lymphatic capillaries at some places.
  • Through out the body it is interwoven with blood vascular system except in the brain, spinal cord, cornea of eye and epidermis of skin.
  • 4% of plasma protein filter out into tissue fluid per hour and is returned to blood only by the lymphatic system.
  • Consists of lymph sinuses, lymphatic channels, lymph hearts, and lymph nodes with lymph.
  • A general defect of defense system due to the malfunctioning or disorders of lymphatic organs is called Hodgkins disease.
  • Lymph is the fluid which enters lymphatic capillaries from the tissue, it constitutes 25% of total body weight.
  • Contains all the essential Gomponents of blood except RBC and some large protein molecules, which cannot filter out through endothelial wall.
  • It is the part of tissue fluid which in turn, is the part of plasma. It stores gases, water, salts and waste products.
  • Baird Hastings called lymph as the "sea within us".
  • Lymphatic Channels are non contractile thin-walled structures with numerous valves to prevent back flow of lymph.
  • In mammals all these channels finally lead to the thoracic duct (left and right) which posteriorly dilates as cisterna chyli and anteriorly opens into sub-clavian veins.
  • In intestinal villi is called as lacteals and in spleen called as cords of BiIlroth.
  • Aggregated lymphatic tissue forms node-like structures in certain parts of the body mainly at joints, and thoracic and abdominal walls for the formation of W.B.C.
  • Lymph nodes are the compact aggregated mass of lymphoid tissue abundant in mammals, act as 'biological filter' to remove foreign bodies and worm out cells from body parts.
  • Called as Peyer's patches in intestinal wall and tonsils in pharyngeal wall.
  • Their larger versions are called as lymph organs/glands e.g. spleen, thymus etc.

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Posted Date: 10/2/2012 3:22:19 AM | Location : United States

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