Historic example of evolutionary quantitative geneticists, Biology

Assignment Help:

Define Historic Example of Evolutionary quantitative geneticists?

Evolutionary quantitative geneticists have developed tools to create predictions about the short-range evolution of traits that may be correlated with others. (Lynch and Walsh 1998). One of the most basic of these tools is the so-called "multivariate breeder's equation", ?z = Gβ: the modification in one trait (?z) is equal to the selection gradient acting on it and other traits (β) times the additive genetic variance- covariance (G) matrix (Lande and Arnold 1983) (the multivariate breeder's equation is an extension of the easy univariate breeder's equation that has long been utilized as a guideline by plant and animal breeders seeking to select artificially for economically valuable traits). The G matrix describes the patterns of genetic differences of traits and the genetic covariance among traits. Depending on details of the selection gradient and the G matrix, it is possible that a trait may evolve in the opposite direction from the direction it would develop in were it not correlated with other traits. For instance, Conner and Via (1992) examined body size evolution in flour beetles of the genus Tribolium. Selection operating on one character at a time would favor raised pupal weight but decreased male width. As these characters were positively correlated, though, pupal weight increased slightly and male width substantially increased-contrary to the expectation had just one of these traits been under selection.


Related Discussions:- Historic example of evolutionary quantitative geneticists

Show the effect of left ventricular hypertrophy, Q. Show the Effect of Left...

Q. Show the Effect of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy? The increase in coronary flow has been termed flow reserve and its magnitude is important in providing adequate perfusion t

Does seed germination affect plant growth, Does seed germination affect pla...

Does seed germination affect plant growth? Germination does affect plant growth Without germination in the plant, the plant is not capable to grow. The germination is the st

Show the list of symptoms, Q. Show the list of symptoms? The list of sy...

Q. Show the list of symptoms? The list of symptoms includes: • Bulky, pale, loose, greasy and foul smelling stools. • Anorexia, feeling of fullness, pain abdomen. The

What is an ecosystem?, What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem is the system...

What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem is the system that composed of biotic and abiotic factors in interaction.

Explain the identification of fungi and yeasts, Explain the Identification ...

Explain the Identification of Fungi and Yeasts? In this we learnt about different staining techniques used to visualize bacterial cell morphology. What about identification tec

What is the curvature of the lens, What is the curvature of the lens I...

What is the curvature of the lens In a human being and most other mammals, the first three mechanisms are not possible and accommodation occurs by the fourth mechanism only. T

Effects of insulin on fat metabolism, Insulin promotes fat synthesis and st...

Insulin promotes fat synthesis and storage. Insulin transports fatty acids in the liver cells and then these are transported from the liver by blood to the adipose cells and are st

Define the nutritional assessment tools, Define the Nutritional Assessment ...

Define the Nutritional Assessment Tools? Malnutrition/protein energy malnutrition amongst elderly persons has been observed in various studies -be it hospitalized patients, nur

Illustrate the plant taxonomy, Q. Illustrate the Plant taxonomy? Plant ...

Q. Illustrate the Plant taxonomy? Plant taxonomy has a long history. It gave birth to several phases of botany but remains exciting, interesting and important because there is

Of what substance is the plant cell wall made, Q. Of what substance is the ...

Q. Of what substance is the plant cell wall made? Of which monomer is it made? The plant cell wall is made of cellulose. Cellulose is a polymer whose monomer is glucose. There

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd