Functions of insulin, Biology

FUNCTIONS -

(a) It is antagonistic to glucagon. Insulin decreases the level of glucose in the blood. It acts by increasing the rate at which glucose is transported out of the blood and into cells and by stimulating muscle cells to take up sugar from the blood and convert it to glycogen.

  • Like glucagon, insulin is primarily regulated by feedback from the blood glucose concentration. When the blood sugar level drops, the secretion of insulin is suppressed. When the blood sugar level increases, the secretion of insulin is stimulated.

(b) It promotes protein synthesis in tissue from amino acids.

(c) Insulin reduces catabolism of proteins. It is an anabolic hormone.

(d) It increases the synthesis of .fat in the adipose tissue from fatty acids. (e) Insulin reduces the breakdown and oxidation of fat.

Target Cells. Insulin acts on the cells of the liver muscles and adipose tissue.

Posted Date: 10/2/2012 7:05:10 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Functions of insulin, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Functions of insulin, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Functions of insulin Discussions

Write discussion on Functions of insulin
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
what is biological sickness of soil and its management

Currents in Estuaries Currents in estuaries are caused primarily by tidal action and river flow. Currents are generally confined to channels but velocities up to several knots

Endosperm - Pollen Biology The examination of live material of j. montana reveals that the division of the primary endosperm nucleus is transverse, followed by the laying down

What are the characteristics of cardiac muscle that allow it to be highly resistant to fatifue?

A haploid cell contains: A.one half of a complete set of chromosomes B.several complete sets of chromosomes C.the correct number of chromosomes D.two complete sets of chromosomes E

Define Intermediary Metabolites of an Athletes? Coenzyme Q10 - for the physically active; Co-Q 10 activates cell energy. While you carry out any physical act; run, jump, throw,

How the artificial sweeteners are available as sugar substitute? Some of these are available as tablets, as sugar substitute and others appear as ingredients in many food produ

Aeolian Wind transported materials constitute this category. This can be further divided into dunes or loess. Dunes are found in thr& types of situations. Fitly, these may occu

Explain Trifluridine  (Viroptic)  Trifluridine is a nucleoside analog active against herpes viruses, including acyclovir-resistant strains. Marketed in an ophthalmic preparatio

Q. What are the mechanisms of hemorrhage contention called? The physiological mechanisms of hemorrhage contention one of them is blood clotting are generically named hemostatic