Fixed Position Based LayoutAs the term itself implies, fixed layout involves the movement of men and machines to the product which remains stationary. In this type of layout the material or major component remains in a fixed location, and tools machinery and men as well as other pieces of material are brought to this location. The movement of men and machines to the product is advisable because the cost of moving time would be less than the cost of moving the product, which is very bulky.Also called the fixed location layout this type is followed in the manufacture of bulky and heavy products such as locomotives ships boilers aircrafts and generators. The construction of a building requires an fixed location layout because men cement sand bricks steel wood and others are taken to the site of the construction. Another example is that of a hospital, where doctors and nurses( workers) and medicines and other paraphernalia ( materials ) are taken to the patient ( product).
Figure: Fixed Position Layout or Static Layout