Find out equation is a function, Mathematics

Example: Find out which of the following equations functions are & which are not functions.

                           y= 5x + 1

Solution

The "working" definition of function is saying is that if we take all of possible values of x & plug them in the equation & solve for y we will get accurately one value for each value of x.  At this stage it can be pretty hard to actually illustrate that an equation is a function thus we'll mostly talk our way through it. Conversely it's frequently quite easy to show that an equation isn't a function.

So, we need to illustrate that no matter what x we plug in the equation & solve for y we will only obtain a single value of y.  Note as well that the value of y will probably be different for each value of x, although it doesn't have to be.

Let's begin by plugging in some of the values of x and see what happens.

x= -4 : y= 5 ( -4) + 1 = -20 + 1 = -19

x= 0: y= 5 (0)+ 1 = 0 + 1 = 1

x= 10 : y= 5 (10) + 1 = 50 + 1= 51

Thus, for each value of x we obtained a single value of y out of the equation.  Now, it isn't enough to claim that this is a function.  To officially prove that it is a function we have to illustrates that this will work no matter that value of x we plug into the equation.

Certainly we can't plug all possible value of x in the equation. That just isn't possible physically.  For each x, on plugging in, first we multiplied the x by 5 and after that added 1 onto it.  Now, if we multiply any number by 5 we will obtain a single value from the multiplication.  Similarly, we will only get a single value if we add 1 onto a number. So, it seems plausible that depend on the operations involved with plugging x into the equation that we will just get a single value of y out of the equation.

Hence, this equation is a function.

Posted Date: 4/6/2013 6:19:22 AM | Location : United States







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