Explain status and control registers, Computer Engineering

Assignment Help:

Q. Explain Status and Control Registers?

For control of numerous operations several registers are used. These registers can't be used in data manipulation though content of some of these registers can be used by programmer. One of the control registers for a von-Neumann machine is the Program Counter (PC).

Almost all the CPUs have a status register a part of which may be programmer visible. A register that may be formed by condition codes is called condition code register. Some of the commonly employed flags or condition codes in such a register may be:

1650_Explain Status and Control Registers.png

These flags are set by CPU hardware while performing an operation. For illustration an addition operation can set overflow flag or on a division by 0 the overflow flag can be set etc. These codes can be tested by a program for a typical conditional branch operation. Condition codes are collected in one or more registers. RISC machines have various sets of conditional code bits. In these machines, an instruction specifies the set of condition codes that is to be used. Independent sets of condition code allow provisions of having parallelism within the instruction execution unit. 

Flag register is frequently called as Program Status Word (PSW). It comprises condition code and other status information. There can be numerous other status and control registers like interrupt vector register in machines employing vectored interrupt or stack pointer if a stack is used to implement subroutine calls etc.


Related Discussions:- Explain status and control registers

What are dynamic process groups, Q. What are Dynamic Process Groups? To...

Q. What are Dynamic Process Groups? To create and manage dynamic groups a separate library libgpvm3.a should be linked with the user programs which make use of any of group fun

How do you create special files like named pipes, How do you create special...

How do you create special files like named pipes and device files? The system call method forms special files in the following sequence. Kernel assigns new inode,

What is tri-state logic, Three Logic Levels are used and they are High, Low...

Three Logic Levels are used and they are High, Low, High impedance state. The high and low are normal logic levels & high impedance state is electrical open circuit conditions. Tri

Flowchart, draw the flowchart for operator overloading in c++

draw the flowchart for operator overloading in c++

What is indexed addressing, What is Indexed addressing The location of ...

What is Indexed addressing The location of data is calculated as sum of an address specified by one of previous methods, and value of an index register. This allows an array of

Segment combinations, Segment Combinations In 8086 assembler provides a...

Segment Combinations In 8086 assembler provides a means for combining segments declared in various modules. Some typical combine types are: 1.   PUBLIC: This combine directi

Karnaugh maps, Minimisation using Boolean algebra is not always straight fo...

Minimisation using Boolean algebra is not always straight forward and sometimes it is not obvious if a further manipulation would give a simpler circuit. Karnaugh maps are a muc

Instruction set, Instruction set: The architecture gives instructions for m...

Instruction set: The architecture gives instructions for multimedia operations and floating point operations. The Itanium supports various bundle mappings to allow for more inst

Explain a multiprogramming operating system, Explain a multiprogramming ope...

Explain a multiprogramming operating system? A multiprogramming operating system: It is system which allows more than one active user program or part of user program to be st

Standard typewriter for information distribution, Standard typewriter : Yo...

Standard typewriter : You must have seen this manually operated machine. Standard typewriters of various makes such as Remington, Fact, Godrej, etc., are available in the market.

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd