Explain sample instruction format of mips instruction, Computer Engineering

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Q. Explain Sample Instruction Format of MIPS instruction?

All MIPS instructions are of same size and are 32 bits long. MIPS designers chose to keep all instructions of same length thus requiring various kinds of instruction formats for different kinds of instructions. For illustration R-type (register) or R-format is used for arithmetic instructions (Figure below). A second type ofinstruction format is known as i-type or i-format and is used by data transfer instructions.

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Figure: A Sample Instruction Format of MIPS instruction

Instruction format of I-type instructions is given below:

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Figure: I-format of RISC

The 16-bit address means a load word instruction can load any word within a region of + 215 of base register rs. Determine a load word instruction given below:

The rt field specifies destination register that receives the result of load


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