Explain net income, Operation Management

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Scott Equipment Organization is investigating various combinations of short- and long-term debt in financing assets. Assume the organization has decided to employ $10 million in current assets and $15 million in fixed assets in its operations next year, and EBIT for next year is $8 million. The organization's income tax rate is 40%. Stockholders' equity will be used to finance $15 million of assets, with the remainder financed by short- and long-term debt. The organization is considering implementing one of the policies below. Current Assets: $10 million Fixed Assets: $15 million Total Assets : $25 million Stockholders' Equity: $15 million Total Amount of Assets to be financed by debt: $10 million Tax Rate: 40% Total EBIT: $8 million Aggressive Strategy Short Term Debt: $8 million, 6% interest rate Long Term Debt: $2 million, 8% interest rate Moderate Strategy Short Term Debt: $5 million, 5.5% interest rate Long Term Debt: $5 million,7.5% interest rate Conservative Strategy Short Term Debt: $3 million, 5.25% interest rate Long Term Debt: $7 million, 7.25% interest rate Determine the following for each policy: • Net Income • Expected rate of return on stockholders' equity (Net Income/Equity) • Net working capital position (Current Assets - Current Liabilities) • Current ratio (Current Assets/Current Liabilities) • Would you rate them low, medium, or high with respect to profitability? • Would you rate them low, medium, or high with respect to risk? • What is your recommendation to management? Why?


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