## Explain how to calculate constant voltage source, Physics

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Power is to be supplied from a source whose resistance is 20 K ? to a load of 100 ?. Would you consider it as a constant voltage source or current source? Explain.

Ans.

Given source is considered as a constant current source because, a source that has a very high internal resistance (20 K?) as compared to the load resistance (100 ?) is a constant current source.

Explanation: In figure below, a load impedance ZL is connected to a current source. Let It be the short-circuit current of source, and Zs be its internal impedance. Current IS is splitted into two parts IL through ZL and I1 through ZS. That is

IS= I1+ IL

Or        I1= IS- IL

Because impedance Zs and  ZL are  in  parallel,  voltage  drop  across each must be equal, i.e.,

The above equation determines us that load current IL would remain almost the same as current IS, provided the ratio ZL/ZS= 100/20000 = 1/200 is small compared to unity. Source then behaves as a good current source.  Or we can say, the larger the value of internal impedance ZS (20K?) compared to load impedance ZL (100?), the smaller is the ratio ZL/ZS, and better it works as a constant current source.

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