Explain about deadlock prevention, Operating System

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Explain about deadlock prevention?

In order for the occurrence of deadlock, the four conditions like mutual exclusion, hold and wait, no pre-emption and  circular wait must happen. By ensuring that one of these conditions cannot hold, we can stop the occurrence of deadlock.

Mutual exclusion

It must hold for non-sharable resources. For example a printer cannot be simultaneously shared by several processes. Sharable resources do not need mutually exclusive access, and therefore cannot be include in deadlock. Read-only files are a good example of a sharable resource.

Hold and wait

To ensure that hold and wait condition never happens in the system, we must guarantee that, whenever a process requests a resource, it does not hold any other resources. The protocols used are

1. Every process is to be request and be allocated all its resources before it begins execution.

2. Permits a process to request some resources only when the process has none (no other resources).

 


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