Example of the horizon problem, Computer Engineering

Example of the horizon problem:

It is also worth bearing in mind the horizon problem, however a game-playing agent cannot see much far satisfactory into the search space. Now if we take an example of the horizon problem given in Russell and Norvig is a case of promoting a pawn to a queen in chess. In the board state we notice, it is ordinary they can present, this can be forestalled for a optimistic number of moves. However, to just with a cutoff search at a certain depth, this is almost inevitability cannot be noticed until it too late. Now it is likely that there the agent trying to forestall the move on this would have been improved off doing something else with the moves it had offered. 

In the card game example above, game states are collections of cards, now then a possible evaluation function would be to add up the card values and take which is, if it was an even number, but score it as zero if the sum is an odd number. So then this type of evaluation function matches exactly with the authentic scores in goal states, where it is considered like not a good idea. Imagine the cards dealt were: 10, 3, 7 and 9. But if player one was forced to cutoff the search after only the first card choice in alternative, so after then the cards would score: 10, 0, 0 and 0 respectively. Just because player one would choose card 10, which would be disastrous, as in this will inevitably lead to player one losing such game by atleast twelve points. However if we scale the game up to choosing cards from 40 rather than 4, we can diagnose that if there a very sophisticated heuristic involving the cards vanished unchosen would be a best idea.

Posted Date: 1/10/2013 5:06:25 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Example of the horizon problem, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Example of the horizon problem, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Example of the horizon problem Discussions

Write discussion on Example of the horizon problem
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Write Relational algebra expressions for the given queries. (i) List the employee numbers, employee names and their manager numbers working in several branches who earn more than

Q. Illustrate the working of Encoders? An Encoder performs reverse function of decoder. An encoder has 2n input lines and 'n' output line. Let's see 8 ×3 encoder that encodes 8

Q. Explain the odd-even transposition algorithm? The algorithm needs one 'for loop' beginning from I=1 to N it implies that N times and for every value of I, one 'for loop' of

What is Algorithm Design Technique? An  algorithm  design  method  is  a  general  approach  to  solving  problems  algorithmically  that  is applicable to a variety of proble

Explain File Transfer Protocol . FTP is utilized to exchange files among computer accounts, to transfer files among an account and a desktop computer (upload) or to access softw

The search-based tools initially recognize problem and afterwards suitably give advice on how to correct it.  AT Expert from Cray Research is one of the tools being employed for

Data packets: A data packet consists of the PID which is followed a 16-bit CRC and by 0-1023 bytes of data payload (up to 1024 in high speed and at most 8 at low speed) The

Objectives After going through this unit, you will be able to : Tell historical facts of parallel computing; Can explain the essential concepts of the discipline, e.g.

We have to make an application that will dynamically add a menu strip with menu items to a form(ie NOT dragged and dropped onto the form) in Visual Basic. The menu strip should be

Q. Show the Simple Arithmetic Application? The question is why can't we simply employ XCHG instruction with 2 memory variables as operand? To answer the question let's look int