Diversification, Microeconomics

Diversification 

- Assume that a firm has a choice of selling air conditioners, heaters, or both of them.

- The probability of it being hot or cold is 5%.

- The firm would be better off by diversification probably.

* 5% probability of hot or cold weather 

*  If firm sells only heaters or air conditioners their income will be $12,000 or $30,000.

*  The expected income would be:

- 1/2($12,000) + 1/2($30,000) = $21,000

*  If the firm divides their time evenly between appliances their air conditioning and heating sales would be half of their original values.

*  If it were hot, their expected income will be $15,000 from air conditioners and $6,000 from the heaters, or $21,000.

*  If it were cold, then their expected income would be $6,000 from air conditioners and $15,000 from the heaters, or $21,000.

* With diversification, the expected income is $21,000 having no risk 

*  Firms can reduce risk by diversifying among the variety of activities which are not closely related to each other.

*  Stock Market

- How can the process of diversification reduce the risk of investing in stock market?

- Can diversification remove the risk of investing in stock market? 

Posted Date: 10/10/2012 8:56:08 AM | Location : United States







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