Disorders of pancreas, Biology

DISORDERS OF THE PANCREAS -

(i) Diabetes mellitus (Hypoinsulinism)

  • The insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is caused by a failure of the Beta-cells to produce adequate amounts of insulin while the non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) appears to involve failure of insulin to facilitate the movement of glucose into cells.
  • Glucose is excreted by urine, if amount of glucose is in excess in the blood, this is known as "Hyperglycemia". In this stage, amount of glucose in blood increases upto > 180 mg./dl. of blood. It is diabetes mallitus disease.
  • Polyurea, polydipsia (the patient feel thirsty), keto acidosis (ketone bodies formed in the body).
  • The combined effect of ketoacidosis, dehydration and hyperglycemia may cause diabetic comma to the patient, patient becomes unconscious and even may die.
  • Insulin harmone is given to the patient by injection in this disease, insulin given orally is not effective, because it is digested in the alimentary canal like protein.
  • Now a days oral insulin is used in following states - (a) IZS - Insulin zinc suspension (b) PZI - Protamine zinc insulin

Hyperinsulinism - Hypoglycemia

  • Glucose decreases in blood.
  • Insulin shock - At the time of physical labour or fasting, if a diabetic patient takes an insulin injection, sugar level in blood reduces quickly up to 43 mg/100 ml of blood. It is called insulin shock. The patient may be unconscious or even may die.
Posted Date: 10/2/2012 7:07:44 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Disorders of pancreas, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Disorders of pancreas, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Disorders of pancreas Discussions

Write discussion on Disorders of pancreas
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Define the term Functional Foods? The term 'functional food' was born in Japan. Functional foods are actually products formulated with naturally occurring chemicals or a combin

economic importance of the phylum protozoa

Problem 1: How many different types of RNAs are present? What is the function of Promoter in Transcription? Mention different types of RNAs Discuss function of Promot

Explain Endonucleases Endonucleases  are  nucleases present  in  the pancreatic juice like RNAase  andDNAase. These hydrolyze internal phosphodiester bonds which are located m

Is crossing over important for the diversity of biological evolution? Sexual reproduction and recombination of linked genes (crossing over) are, with mutations, the main instru

Pharynx: Pharynx  is a funnel shaped tube about  13cm long that  starts at the internal nares and  extends to the  level of the cricoid cartilage. It  lies posterior  to the n

Does radioactive dating with isotopes of uranium and thorium provide an estimate of the starting, middle, or end of the period of Earth's formation? Explain your answer No, th

Define in brief about the Golgi bodies In a cell is achieved in a remarkable fashion by the Golgi bodies. The latter receive the newly synthesised proteins from the rough endop


could you please give me a data in the form of tabular column based on milk analysis which can be done in home itself?