Disorders of pancreas, Biology


(i) Diabetes mellitus (Hypoinsulinism)

  • The insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is caused by a failure of the Beta-cells to produce adequate amounts of insulin while the non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) appears to involve failure of insulin to facilitate the movement of glucose into cells.
  • Glucose is excreted by urine, if amount of glucose is in excess in the blood, this is known as "Hyperglycemia". In this stage, amount of glucose in blood increases upto > 180 mg./dl. of blood. It is diabetes mallitus disease.
  • Polyurea, polydipsia (the patient feel thirsty), keto acidosis (ketone bodies formed in the body).
  • The combined effect of ketoacidosis, dehydration and hyperglycemia may cause diabetic comma to the patient, patient becomes unconscious and even may die.
  • Insulin harmone is given to the patient by injection in this disease, insulin given orally is not effective, because it is digested in the alimentary canal like protein.
  • Now a days oral insulin is used in following states - (a) IZS - Insulin zinc suspension (b) PZI - Protamine zinc insulin

Hyperinsulinism - Hypoglycemia

  • Glucose decreases in blood.
  • Insulin shock - At the time of physical labour or fasting, if a diabetic patient takes an insulin injection, sugar level in blood reduces quickly up to 43 mg/100 ml of blood. It is called insulin shock. The patient may be unconscious or even may die.
Posted Date: 10/2/2012 7:07:44 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Disorders of pancreas, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Disorders of pancreas, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Disorders of pancreas Discussions

Write discussion on Disorders of pancreas
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. What is the major evolutionary innovation presented by nematodes? What is the benefits of that innovation? The major evolutionary innovation of nematodes is the complete dig

What name is given to the mental processing of sensory information?

Define Immediate Preoperative Period during Surgery? Nothing should be given by mouth for at least 8 hours before a general surgery so that the stomach has no leftover food at

Explain The Peripheral Nervous System in detail? The peripheral nervous system is divided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous

Aetiology:   A List Of The Causes Of A Disease  (Description Of The Characteristic Causes) Factors Which Influence The Onset Of Disease:  Include "Risk Factors", Life-Style, Sex, A

Class of Mollusca - Monoplacophora Bilaterally symmetrical, with broad flat foot and single shell, mantle cavity has five to six pairs of gills; six pairs of nephridia of whi

Fatty acids are synthesized by the condensation of two-carbon units. Furthermore, in  terms  of  the  enzymic  steps  contained,  the  procedure  is  not  the  reverse  of  β- oxid

Multiplication Phas - Stages of spermatogenesis The initial cells in the germ line arc known as primordial germ cells (PCC). The PGC, which arise at some distance from the pro

Q. Nutrient requirement during angina pectoris? The nutrient requirement here is the same as discussed earlier, however, to sum up it can be said that we need to restrict calor

I have 9 questions in my undergraduate cardiovascular physiology class I need help with. It is mostly dealing with slow response action. I need the work in about 2nite hours from n