Disadvantages of process layout, Operation Management

Disadvantages of Process Layout

1. Complexity of production Planning and Control: The absence of sequential mechanized channels for production make routing and scheduling more difficult and time consuming. The responsibility for production is divided among many departments and hence it is difficult to pinpoint the accountability for the overall performance.

Since the processes are non repetitive, separate controlling devices are to be devised and enforced for each process. Separate work orders materials requisition time cards etc, have to be maintained for each process affiliated to each department.

2. Frequency of Inspection: Under this layout each department is accountable for a specialized operation. Inspection is frequently essential before the work is passed onto the successive operation in another department. Inspection becomes inevitable a every stage because the next department should not reject the material processed by the preceding department.

3. Difficulty of Materials Handling: Under the process layout there would be higher of materials handling because of the routine or work to various departments and the greater distance over which jobs have to move. Moreover materials handling cannot be easily mechanized under this layout because of definite channels in the flow of materials in serial order.

4. Greater Floor Area: This type of layout involves longer floor space for locating different departments, setting up temporary storage leaving aisles and passages, inspection cribs, service facilities etc, machine production centres handling diverse operation of varied sizes require larger floor area than under the product layout wherein operations are balanced in a sequence.

5. Wasteful Back Tracking: Due to dissipation of production operations among diverse departments backward and forward tracking of work becomes inevitable. Frequency of such internal haulage proves to be wasteful and adds to the burden of overhead costs.

6. Longer Processing Time: Production process will take a long time for completion because the job has to be moved from department to department. Greater time is spent on loading the machine after collecting the work from preceding department. At each stage loading inspection conveying to other departments hold up the flow and lengthen the processing time.

7. Larger stock of Materials in Process: Since larger stock of materials is held up in the process due to frequent back tracking and difficulty of materials handling the working will be locked up with slow turnover and low rate of return of investment.

Posted Date: 1/11/2013 7:36:48 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Disadvantages of process layout, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Disadvantages of process layout, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Disadvantages of process layout Discussions

Write discussion on Disadvantages of process layout
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Dan Reid, chief engineer at New Hampshire Chemical, Inc., has to decide whether to build a new state-of-art processing facility. If the new facility works, the company y could real

Sutton Corporation, which has a zero tax rate due to tax loss carry-forwards, is considering a 5-year, $6,000,000 bank loan to finance service equipment. The loan has an interest r

Which of the following in not an advantage of skimming pricing? A. It allows a manufacturer to quickly recover its research and development costs. B. It permits marketers to contro

Supply Process Improvements examine the steps of the supply process in Chapter 4 of the text and identify a project where improvements could be made in one or more of the steps.

List and describe (in two or three sentences each) three IT projects that should be a part of Bill's IT Plan - one project to support each area and/or process identified in above

To meet investor objectives, management seeks to do which of the following in its present operations as well as shift investment from areas with declining returns to those where im

When the Zagat, a leading provider of leisme-hased survey results, released its San Francisco Restaurants Survey, it marked the 25th year that Zagat Survey reported on diners and t

Criteria for a Good Layout Maximum Flexibility: A good layout will be one which can be rapidly modified to meet changing circumstances. In this context particular attent