Development of library resource sharing network, Other Management

Development of Library Resource Sharing Network

The development of library networks is the result of computerisation of catalogues and bibliographic databases and the development of various MARC data standards for record exchange between libraries and other library agencies. The addition of the telecommunications element to this work proliferated online search services and resource sharing library networks. During the 1980s major bibliographic utilities came into existence. These bibliographic utilities were initially based on specific geographical areas or particular sectoral needs and often supported by a particular institution. It may be mentioned that major bibliographic utilities first emerged from North America, though in the later period networks came into being in UK and other countries. The significant bibliographic utilities in North America are: OCLC, WLN, UTLAS and RLN of these the OCLC (Online Computer Library Centre), is the largest of the bibliographic networks. Ever since its establishment originally as Ohio   college Library Centre, it has been playing a significant role as a resource sharing network in U.S.A. Though OCLC is based in the United States, it has a world wide library membership including Europe and the Far East.

OCLC possesses the largest database of MARC format data records and services a large number of libraries in the production of bibliographic data bases and also-in inter library loan and reference service. To aid these activities, OCLC developed a dedicated US-wide network to link the participating libraries to its central databases. The network is structured on a regional basis with an individual library making a local link to the regional network and through it to the central network to avail the range of services provided by the OCLC. This arrangement prevented the direct communication between the participating libraries without going through the OCLC. In fact, this was a limitation and many libraries desired the facility to directly interact with one another. During the 1980s the OCLC responded to the changed requirements by a gradual opening of access to the existing systems obviating limitation. This change resulted in the establishment of a new X.25 network, using capacity from the US Sprint Commercial value-added network in 1991. This facilitated the introduction of network to network links, and standardisation on X.25 rather than proprietary protocols permitted the building up of direct links. This arrangement naturally increases the connectivity to the user by allowing more flexible connections. The OCLC network service now provides gateway access to other reference services such as The Easy Net Information Service as well as its own reference services from the local network of an institution. The Gateway project allows local network terminals to connect to OCLC Inter library Loan and Reference Services so that any user may retrieve bibliographic information and also the available location and make arrangement for a local reservation or request for an inter library loan. 

Like OCLC, a number of important networks emerged in other countries like U.K. Two long standing organisations in this regard are BLCMP and LASER. BLCMP, formerly known as Birmingham Libraries Cooperative Mechanisation Project is a cooperative effort which embraces a range of services that are used by a large number of libraries. BLCMP maintains extensive MARC databases. LASER (London and South Eastern Region) has a focus on interlending and resource sharing. A significant recent development in LASER is the EARL (Electronic Access to Resources in Libraries). The EARL consortium was established in 1995 to develop the role of public libraries in providing library and information services over the network. Its membership includes more than 50% of the public libraries in U.K. The significant contribution of EARL Web, a network of public library information resources and also a purchase deal to OCLC's First Search Service. It is not our intention to enumerate here all the networking developments taking place through out the world but only to give you a few examples of important resource sharing networks. 

Posted Date: 10/24/2012 4:51:01 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Development of library resource sharing network, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Development of library resource sharing network, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Development of library resource sharing network Discussions

Write discussion on Development of library resource sharing network
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
‘The overall objective of debt management is to minimise the cost of borrowing to the organisation.' Required: I. Explain factors which need to be taken into account, other t

Choice of Bindery: Factors to be Considered  Outside binders are normally selected through competitive bidding or through free selection. Whatever the case, the librarians sho

Question 1: Using as example an event or conference and venue of your choice, explain how you would staff this event at this particular venue. Your answer should justify your c

LOCATING RESEARCH REPORTS: While review  of  literature you  should explore and get acquainted with relevant key words  and major subject heading,  Be  flexible and thin

Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP): Centralised cataloguing led to the logical step of publishing bibliographic entries of documents in the publication itself, on the reverse si

Question 1 Explain the components of learning and also classical conditioning theory in brief Question 2 Briefly discuss the decision-making models(any three) Quest

Question 1 Explain the role of information in decision making Question 2 Explain how businesses can gain competitive advantage from managing information Question 3 Expla

Question 1: Set up a cost control system for a newly established hotel. i) Explain how you would proceed. ii) What set of documentation you will require and wh

QUESTION (a) There appears to be an emerging consensus that the movement towards good governance must include initiatives to strengthen the institutions of government and civil

Nominal Group T echnique It is a method of group decision-making in which individual members meet face to face, first, to generate  ideas individually, and then to poll