Decline of the bronze age civilisation, Science

Decline of the Bronze Age Civilisation:

We find that the great developments in production methods that came with the rise of early cities lasted only f6r a few centuries. The initial burst of technical advance was followed by a long period of stagnation. Cities arose and fell; one dynasty of priest-kings overthrew another. But there was no change in the pattern of production. It remained based on irrigation agriculture, supplemented by  trade with other cultures. This, probably, happened because in this process the social organisation had also changed. In the primitive human society no special groups existed, whereas there now came into being different strata in the society.  As we have seen earlier in Sec.there arose a division between those who produced and those who appropriated the produce.  This also meant a division betweefi the thinkers and the doers, between theory and practice.  We have also seen how this led  to stagnation  in science. Eventually,  the social structure became exploitative. Peasants and urban craftsmen became poorer, many of them ending up as slaves later on.  The emergence of two distinct classes, the haves and the havenots, in the society, led to conflicts between them.  This weakened the city states and ultimately put a stop to their intellectual and technical progress. Increasing population an3 continuous barbarian invasions also brought tremendous pressure on these city cultures.  They had to expand  territorially to occupy more available land, in order to feed the population. They also had to raise armies and fortifications  to defend themselves. Even  in  the Indus Valley, which was a non-violent culture, fortifications were raised in the later days. Fortifications, walls and other instruments of violence such as catapults and moving towers required  the application of mechanics. As wars became a part of  life, aney group of professionals  came into being. They were the persons who invented and made new war machines and built defensive and offensive structures. They may have been  the forerunners of  the engineers of  today.  

Posted Date: 9/27/2012 7:28:03 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Decline of the bronze age civilisation, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Decline of the bronze age civilisation, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Decline of the bronze age civilisation Discussions

Write discussion on Decline of the bronze age civilisation
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Q. What are the impacts of minimally processed foods? Impacts of minimally processed foods are: it maintains freshness and quality; convenient and ready-to-cook form products;

1. The solid wastes from a summer camp with 100 children and a staff of 25 are to be collected once per week. If bottles and cans (representing 20% of the weight) are removed, pape

Explain the Foetal Monitoring During late pregnancy and during labour, a physician may want to monitor the foetal heart rate and other functions. Foetal heart rate monitoring i

A model reaction water turbine Use a soda water bottle from which the bottom has been separate. Wind string around it near the bottom end and suspend it as shown in the diagram

kind of food and mode of feeding in tick

Shut -down Sequences : In some respects, the time when the lab is being shut down is potentially one of the most dangerous periods of the day. For example, at the end of a day's w

Carbon l4 with a half-life of 5,568 years is used to date a sample of wood. Sample has l/8 the carbon l4 contained in a living tree of same species. Approximately how old is specim

Explain the Anterior Pituitary The anterior pituitary gland or adenohypophysis consists of three types of cells - acidophils, basophils and chromophores according to their stai

To show that liquids exert pressure Connect two 15 cm lengths of glass tubing or two transparent plastic soda straws with a short length of rubber tubing and attach them to an

how do they protecte themselves