Cvp for multiple products, Cost Accounting

Assignment Help:

CVP for Multiple Products

What number of businesses sells only one manufactured goods? The reality is that firms usually give us the diverse product line, and the individual products will have different, contribution margins, selling prices and contribution margin ratios. Yet, the firm's whole fixed cost picture may be the same, does not matter the mix of the products sold. This can cloud the ability to do simple CVP analysis. To lift this cloud needs some knowledge of the product mix.

Let's suppose Hummingbird Feeders produces and sells a brightly coloured feeding container for $15 (variable cost of production is $10, and contribution margin is $5) and the nectar formula for $3 each packet ($1 variable cost to produce, resulting in a $2 contribution margin). Hummingbird Feeders sells 10 packets of nectar for the every feeder sold. Its permanent cost is $100,000. What number of feeders and packets should be sold to break even? To answer to this question needs a redefinition of the "unit." If we suppose the "unit" is 1 feeder and 10 packets, we would then see that each of the "unit" would have a contribution margin of $25, as given below.

Contribution Margin

 

Feeder

1 item @ $5

=

$5.00

Nectar  Packets

10 items @ $2 each

=

  20.00

"Unit"  contribution

 

 

$25.00

To recover the sum of $100,000 of the fixed cost, at $25 of contribution per "unit," would need selling 4,000 "units" ($100,000/$25). To be clear, this translates into 4,000 the feeders and 40,000 packets of the nectar. The whole breakeven sales would be $180,000 (($15 X 4,000 feeders) + ($3 X 40,000 packets)). Obviously, the validity of this analysis relies upon actual sales occurring in the the predicted ratio. Changes in product mix will result in the changes in the break-even levels. If Hummingbird Feeders sold $180,000 in feeders, and no packets of nectar at all, they would come nowhere near the breakeven because the giving margin ratio on feeders is much lower than on the packets of the nectar.

Note that one could also obtain the $180,000 result by dividing the fixed cost by weighted-average contribution margin ($100,000/0.555 = $180,000). The weighted-average involvement margin of 0.555 is calculated is shown below:


Feeder (1 @ $15)  $15/$45           X         $5/$15 =          0.1111

Nectar Packets (10 @ $3) $30/$45           X         $2/$3   =          0.4444

0.5555

Businesses should be mindful of the product mix. Automobile manufacturers have a wide range of products, some at the high margin and some at the lower levels. If customers surprisingly substitute economy cars for sport utility vehicles, the basic models for luxury models, etc., the resulting bottom line impacts can be important. Product mix can also be necessary for companies which sell a base product and a related disposable. For instance, a printer manufacturer can sell "unprofitable" printers along with the large quantities of high margin ink cartridges. Managers of such businesses require watching not only the total sales, but also keep an eye on the product mix.


Related Discussions:- Cvp for multiple products

Stock will be selling , Atlanta Company stock is expected to follow an expo...

Atlanta Company stock is expected to follow an exponential growth rate. The relationship between the current stock price P0, future price PT after time T, and the continuously comp

Outstanding expenses, Expenses are usually recorded only while they are pai...

Expenses are usually recorded only while they are paid. The failure to record unpaid expenses in the accounts outcomes in an understatement of which expense and also an understatem

Overhead cost analysis and classification, Overhead Cost Analysis and Class...

Overhead Cost Analysis and Classification Overhead costs may be analyzed into a) Which that may be directly identifiable along with a single cost center, as an  example of,

Allocation of overhead costs, Allocation of Overhead Costs Allocation ...

Allocation of Overhead Costs Allocation of overheads is the term utilized where the overhead cost item can be charged to a exact cost center without the requirement for any es

Assignment, what do you understand by cost accounting and what are the main...

what do you understand by cost accounting and what are the main decision areas that are involved

Case study, Managerial ACCT 2 Ulrich Framing is well known for the quality ...

Managerial ACCT 2 Ulrich Framing is well known for the quality of its picture framing. Lucinda Ulrich, CEO, believes that the number of linear feet or framing used is the best is t

Marginal cost, Marginal Cost Marginal cost is the change in a firm's co...

Marginal Cost Marginal cost is the change in a firm's cost of production. It is related to a unit change in its output, or the added cost of producing the next unit. The margin

Calculate the opportunity costs, Suppose the Danny can prepare 50 pizzas or...

Suppose the Danny can prepare 50 pizzas or 100 sandwiches in an hour and Steve can produce 15 pizzas or 9 sandwiches. a) Draw each individual's PPF. b) Calculate the oppor

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd