Cultured plant cells, Biology

Cultured plant cells:

Cultured plant cells are recognized to give biochemicals of interest since 1950's, but starting the yields were very low. Refined culture structures have changed the biochemical yields considerably, and over half a dozen cell cultures provides 2 g/I or more of the biochemical. Shikonin (a naphthoquinone) is generates on a commercial scale from cell cultures of Lithospermum erythrorhizon, while berberine (an alkaloid) is calculated from Coptis japonica cell cultures. Interestingly, Ginserg tissues provides in vitro (19 g dry cells/I)produced in 2000 I bioreactors) are needed as additives in tonic wines, drinks, soups, herbal liquors etc. The biochemicals gets from plant cell cultures are comparable to those generated from intact plants in their biochemical, chemical and biological properties.

In addition, cultured cells of various plant species give biochemicals which have so far not been changed in whole plants; the list of such elements has grown rapidly to 140 in 1992 from merely 4 in 1978. For example, cell suspension cultures of Rauwolfia serpentina have been exposed to create 4 larger polar alkaloids which are novel glucosides of ajmaline and its derivatives. 

Posted Date: 10/2/2012 1:25:51 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Cultured plant cells, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Cultured plant cells, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Cultured plant cells Discussions

Write discussion on Cultured plant cells
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Central Cell - Synergids It is the largest cell of the embryo sac, and the mother cell of the endosperm. The enlargement of the embryo sac after the last nuclear division is m

Explain Receptor Proteins These are built into the membrane of a nerve cell and they detect chemical signals released by other nerve cells. Receptor proteins are involved in

Define Strategies for to overcome from alzheimer's disease? Some of these, based on the stage of the disease and individual needs are: a. supervising meal times with minimal

Q. How respiratory pigments act? Respiratory pigments are oxygen-carrying molecules present in the blood. When the oxygen concentration is high for instance, in the pulmonary a

Is transportation of gases in tracheophytes made through the vascular tissues? Carbon dioxide and oxygen are not transported by the xylem or phloem. These gases reach the cells

Raised blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, kidney disease, heart

How can Heart be affect Heart may be affected in two ways. One of the complications of diabetes is autonomic dysfunction which may disturb rhythm of heart beat and may lead to

Define Goals of National and International Requirement Estimates and RDAs? One of the goals of the RDAs has been reiterated through this unit. They serve as the guidelines for

Agreed-upon Procedures - Non-assurance Engagements Within an engagement to present agreed-upon procedures, the auditor is engaged to carry out those procedures of an audit nat

Workgroup A Workgroup is a group of people who are working together on the same project. The members of such a group are usually (not always) located in close physical proximi