Evaluating the Gains and Losses from the Policies of Government: Consumer and Producer Surplus
- Consumer surplus is total benefit or value which consumers receive beyond what they pay for good.
- Producer surplus is total benefit or revenue which producers receive beyond what it cost to produce a good.
* To determine welfare effect of a governmental policy we can measure gain or loss in consumer and producer surplus.
* Welfare Effects
- Gains and losses because of government intervention in the market.