Congenital defects related to kidney/upper urinary tract, Biology

Congenital Defects Related to Kidney/Upper Urinary Tract

i) Renal Agenesis 

A new born baby with this condition may show low set ears, flat nose, prominent epicanthic folds and small chin. This defect occurs when the ureteric bud does not grow up into the nephrogenic blastoma, the kidneys do not develop and the result is agenesis.

ii) Horse Shoe (fused) Kidney, Renal Ectopia

An ectopic kidney may lie in pelvis or the iliac fossa. It may be hypoplastic or normal in structure. The child may sometimes have abdominal discomfort and dysuria or there may be no symptom. In horse shoe kidney the identical poles of kidney are fused.

iii) Polycystic Kidney

In this the renal tissue is full of multiple small cysts and organ is palpable as a large spongy kidney of new born. There may be hypertension, congestion, cardiac failure and uremia which prove fatal in early life. This is an inherited autosomal recessive disease.

iv) Multicystic Kidney

It is inherited as autosomal dominant disease, multiple cysts are present in both kidney. It' is the commonest cause of renal mass in infants. In this nephrectomy is necessary as renal functioning is very little.

Posted Date: 10/27/2012 2:03:01 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Congenital defects related to kidney/upper urinary tract, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Congenital defects related to kidney/upper urinary tract, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Congenital defects related to kidney/upper urinary tract Discussions

Write discussion on Congenital defects related to kidney/upper urinary tract
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Define Characteristics of probiotics? Are microorganism Promote a healthy intestinal microflora Ensure colonization resistance to pathogens Destruction of ge

What is consanguineal marriage? Why is the appearing of genetic disease more probable in the offspring of a consanguineal marriage? Consanguineal marriage is the marriage among

Describe the meaning of Electrical Stimulation Brain stimulation has been used to map connections in the brain and to elicit changes in behaviour. Much of the pioneering work o

Biomass energy Energy produced by burning biomass it is known as biomass energy. When biomass is burnt, it releases stored chemical energy, which has accumulated in it through

A cross among wild-type fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster  [normal bristles and grey body (s+s, e+ e)] with a mutant fly [short bristles and ebony body (ss ee)] produces following p

DE A T H - It is terminal end of the degeneration changes of old age. Death occurs when vescular system & respiratory system stop working. Failure of nervous system ma

Dfine Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)? The adolescent girl scheme under ICDS intends to cover school dropout girls, 11-18 years in age with a view to meet their ne

In pet rabbits, brown coat colour is recessive to black coat colour. A black female rabbit gives birth to four black-coated and three brown-coated baby rabbits. What can be deduced

Habits: Any abnormal habits needs to be identified. Following habits may have detrimental effect on the implant: 1. Parafunction -  Bruxism/ Clenching 2. Tongue Thrusting

Explain Counter Stain - Ziehl-Neelsen Method? Methylene blue is used to stain previously decolourized cells. All non acid-fast bacteria de-stained by acid alcohol now absorbs c