Compute the operating cycle, Managerial Accounting

Under this method, approximation is made of payments and cash receipts in the ensuring period. The dissimilarity of these payments and receipts indicates deficiency or surplus of cash. The management formulates plans to procure the amount of deficit. This method, in a way, is a form of cash budget.

Illustration: Compute the operating cycle and the working capital requirements from the subsequent figures:


Balance as at

Balance as at


1st January

31st December




Raw Material






Finished goods



Sundry Debtors



Wages and Manufacturing Expenses



Distribution and Other Expenses



Purchases of Materials



Total Sales




(i)  The Company acquires a credit for 60 days from its suppliers.

(ii)  All goods were sold for credit.


Computation of Operating Cycle

(i)                 Material Storage Period:

=   Average Stock of Raw Materials/Daily Average Consumption

= ((Rs.80,000 + 1,20,000) / 2)/(Rs.3,60,000 / 365)

= Rs.1,00,000/ Rs.986.3

= 101.38 days

Material Consumed = Opening Stock + Purchases - Closing Stock

= Rs. 80,000 + 4,00,000-1,20,000

= Rs. 3,60,000

(ii) Conversion or Processing Period

= Average Stock of Work - in - progress/Daily Average Factory Cost

=  ((Rs.20,000 + 60,000) / 2)/( Rs.5,20,000 / 365)

=  (Rs.40,000) / (Rs.1,424.65)

= 28.07days

Factory Cost:                                                    Rs.

Opening Work-Progress                                20,000

Material Consumed (as above)                    3,60,000

Wages and Mfg. Expenses                            2,00,000


Less: Closing Work-in-Progress                   60,000


(iii) Finished Goods Storage Period

= Average Stock of Finished Good/Daily Average Cost of Goods Sold

=   ((Rs.60,000 +20,000) / 2)/(Rs.5,60,000 / 365)

=  (Rs.40,000)/ Rs.1,534.25

= 26.07days

Cost of Goods sold                                                          Rs.

Opening Stock of Finished Goods


Factory Cost (as above)




Less: Closing Stock of Finished Goods




(iii)    Debtors Collection period

=   Average Debtors/Daily Average Sales

=   ((Rs.40,000 + 40,000) / 2)/(Rs.10,00,000 / 365)

=   (Rs.40,000) / Rs. 2,739.7

 = 14.6 days

Posted Date: 4/9/2013 3:27:39 AM | Location : United States

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