Common form of the READ statements:
Format 1 is the common form of the READ statements.
Format 2 is used when the access mode is either random or dynamic. For illustration, assume REL-KEY is the names for the relative file and the relative key data item respectively. The statements below will read the 50th record from the file.
MOVE 50 TO REL-KEY.
READ REL-FILE RECORD INVALID-KEY GO TO PARA-INVALID.
Format 3 of the read statement can be used whenever the access mode is dynamic and the records are to be read successively.