The application of the principle of product layout, process layout or fixed location layout in their strict meanings is difficult to come across. A combination of the product and process layouts, with an emphasis on either is noticed in most industrial establishments. Plants are never laid out in either pure form. It is possible to have both types of layout in an efficiently combined form if the products manufactured are somewhat similar and not complex.
In plants involving the fabrication of parts and assembly fabrication tends to employ the process layout, while the assembly areas often employ the product layout. In soap manufacturing plants, the machinery manufacturing soap is arranged on the product line principle but ancillary services such as heating the manufacturing of glycerine the powerhouse the water treatment plant are arranged on a functional basis.
Combination Layout Hybrid Layout for Gear Manufacturing
F. P= Forging Press G. C = Gear Cutting MachineH. T = Heat Treatment G. G = Gear Grinding
Figure: Combination Layout Hybrid Layout for Gear Manufacturing
Figure above illustrates the combined layout. The departments in figure below according to the types of processes but the products flow through on a product layout.