Carbon and its compounds, Chemistry

Carbon And its Compounds

Carbon is a typical non-metal present in earth's crust to the extent of 0,02% by mass.

All living organisms contain carbon and hydrogen as their essential compounds.

The compounds of carbon are covalent in nature formed by the electron sharing in the bonding atoms.

Organic compounds are the hydrocarbons and their derivatives.

Allotropes of carbon

The three allotropes of carbon are:

Diamond

Graphite

Fullerene

Among these diamond is the hardest substance known

Graphite is a good conductor of heat and electricity

Uses of graphite

Graphite is used to make electrodes of electrolytic cells.

Being soft and greasy it is used to lubricate the parts of machines

It is also used as a moderator in nuclear power plants

Mixed with wax and clay, graphite is used for making cores of lead pencils as it can mark the paper black.

Graphite is used to make electrodes of electrolytic cells.

Being soft and greasy it is used to lubricate the parts of machines

It is also used as a moderator in nuclear power plants

Mixed with wax and clay, graphite is used for making cores of lead pencils as it can mark the paper black.

Posted Date: 7/23/2012 4:28:50 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Carbon and its compounds, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Carbon and its compounds, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Carbon and its compounds Discussions

Write discussion on Carbon and its compounds
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
IUPAC system - Nomenclature of organic compounds To rationalise the system of naming, as an International Congress of Chemists was held in Geneva in year 1892. They adopted spe

Q. What are the Physical Properties of Halogens? Ans. The halogens exist as  diatomic  molecules held together by a single bond. Reactivity becomes less as you move down

High ionisation energy: The high ionisation energy of helium (24.6 eV) makes it a potential gas to be used in plasma source. The nitrogen gas is generally not used as a pla

The maximum number of electrons which each sub-shell can occupy is: (1)  2n 2                 (2) 2n            (3) 2 (2l+1)                     (4) (2l+1) Ans: 2

What is the Bond Order of Li(2)(minus) anion molecule?  Ans) No. of bonding elecrtons =3 (valence), anti bonding =0 (given its state) thus =bond order =3/2=1.2

Q. What are the Chemical Properties of Ammonia? Ans. Combustion: Ammonia does not burn in air but will burn in pure oxygen to form nitrogen and water vapor. 4NH 3 (g) +

Q. What are the De Broglies waves? Bohr anticipated that hydrogen's single electron could orbit at only specific distances from the atom's nucleus. When the electron is in the


Basics of Potentiometry: In this unit, you have learnt about electrode potentials, principles of potentiometer and measurement of potential, different types of reference elect

how does the steric effect affecting the formation of end product of organic compuond