Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Biology

Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush)

Candida albicans, the causative fungus of the disease, is widespread in the environment and is usually present in the upper digestive tract of normal birds. Undue and excessive use of antibiotics in poultry results in the growth of the C. albicans. The other factors associated are immunosuppression, debility, illnesses of long duration or heavily contaminated waterers, feeders or litter. Mostly the condition affects chicks below 3 weeks of age.

Symptoms and lesions: Clinical signs are seen only in severely affected chicks. Retarded growth, ruffled feathers or diarrhea are the signs generally observed. The signs may be masked by the primary disease. Diffuse and focal thickening of the affected mucosa with white or gray pseudo membranes or diphtheritic patches are seen in crop and oesophagus. Ulceration in mouth and other digestive tract is seen.

Diagnosis: The condition can well be diagnosed by signs and lesions. Microscopic examination of oral crust would demonstrate fungus.

Prevention and control: Good sanitation, managemental practices and balanced diet supported by health control programs, avoiding excessive use of antibiotics will prevent the disease.

Posted Date: 9/18/2012 8:41:24 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Assignment Help, Ask Question on Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Get Answer, Expert's Help, Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush) Discussions

Write discussion on Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush)
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain the Flow Phase of Stress Response? This is a neuro-endocrine response to physiological stress following the ebb phase. This phase is characterized by: Normal or

Injury Resulting From an Accident Accident was described earlier which meant that accident was a sudden event. However, several legal opinions favored exclusion of suddenness

Q. What are the special structures of the avian digestive tube and their respective functions? The crop has the function of temporary storage of ingested food and it is a more

Packs, pouches, and cassettes are sometimes wet after completing the sterilization process. This is a problem usually associated with the use of paper or paper/ plastic wraps in t

Explain Total Parenteral Nutrition OPN) It is a method of providing, complete nutritional support in which  the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is bypassed by introducing assimilab

Metabolic Disorders The disease conditions, which are attributable to an imbalance between rates of input of dietary nutrients and the output of production, are defined as pro

What are the main biological processes in which calcium participates? Calcium is present in almost all cells and has some functions. Calcium has a significant role in muscul

Distribution of Nitrate Reductase and Nitrite Reductase Let us see whether nitrate assimilation depends upon the reductants produced in photosynthesis or in oxidative metaboli


Cytochemistry It is well known that certain stains and dyes specifically combine with certain chemical components of the cell. Cytochemical techniques take advantage of this fa