Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Biology

Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush)

Candida albicans, the causative fungus of the disease, is widespread in the environment and is usually present in the upper digestive tract of normal birds. Undue and excessive use of antibiotics in poultry results in the growth of the C. albicans. The other factors associated are immunosuppression, debility, illnesses of long duration or heavily contaminated waterers, feeders or litter. Mostly the condition affects chicks below 3 weeks of age.

Symptoms and lesions: Clinical signs are seen only in severely affected chicks. Retarded growth, ruffled feathers or diarrhea are the signs generally observed. The signs may be masked by the primary disease. Diffuse and focal thickening of the affected mucosa with white or gray pseudo membranes or diphtheritic patches are seen in crop and oesophagus. Ulceration in mouth and other digestive tract is seen.

Diagnosis: The condition can well be diagnosed by signs and lesions. Microscopic examination of oral crust would demonstrate fungus.

Prevention and control: Good sanitation, managemental practices and balanced diet supported by health control programs, avoiding excessive use of antibiotics will prevent the disease.

Posted Date: 9/18/2012 8:41:24 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Assignment Help, Ask Question on Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush), Get Answer, Expert's Help, Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush) Discussions

Write discussion on Candidiasis (moniliasis or thrush)
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Explain the factors that led to the decline of Science in Europe during iron age

Out of 67,410 randomly selected surgeries tracked in a study in the UK, 2832 were followed by surgical site infections. a.    What is the best estimate of the probability of an

a) Why are grasshopper and Drosophila said to show male heterogamity? Describe. b) Define female heterogamity with the help of an example.

Which of the below terms is also called "cancer of the blood" - an uncontrolled, greatly accelerated production of white cells. Is it: a) Leukemia b) Polycythemia c) sick

Q. What is bathing in Cerebro-Spinal Fluid? The CNS is bathing in Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (or CSF):  similar to plasma, less protein, rich in ascorbic acid, different in ions Na+

The risk of PVE is greatest during the initial 6 months after valve surgery (particularly during the initial 5 to 6 weeks) and thereafter declines to a lower but persistent risk (0

Importance Value Index (IVI) - Synthetic Characters In any study of community, the quantitative value of each of the frequency density, and cover has its own importance. But t


Technique:  Careful re-opening of sternum and release of steinum from the underlying adhesion is done. Femoral artery and vein are exposed for going on femoro fenioral bypass

Q. What is prophylaxis? The Prophylaxis is measures taken to prevent diseases. For instance, the use of condoms in sexual relations is a prophylaxis against contamination by ag