Array-based representation of a binary tree, Data Structure & Algorithms

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Assume a complete binary tree T with n nodes where each node has an item (value). Label the nodes of the complete binary tree T from top to bottom & from left to right 0, 1, ..., n-1. Relate with T the array A where the ith   entry of A is the item in the node labeled i of T, i = 0, 1, ..., n-1. Table illustrates the array representation of a Binary tree of Figure

1724_Array-based representation of a Binary Tree.png

Given the index i of a node, we can efficiently & easily compute the index of its parent and left & right children:

Index of Parent: (i - 1)/2, Index of Left Child: 2i + 1, Index of Right Child: 2i + 2.

Node #

Item

Left child

Right child

0

A

1

2

1

B

3

4

2

C

-1

-1

3

D

5

6

4

E

7

8

5

G

-1

-1

6

H

-1

-1

7

I

-1

-1

8

J

-1

-1

9

?

?

?

Table: Array Representation of a Binary Tree

First column illustrates index of node, second column contain the item stored into the node & third & fourth columns mention the positions of left & right children

(-1 shows that there is no child to that specific node.)


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