Advances in mineral and vitamin nutrition of livestock, Biology

Advances in Mineral and Vitamin Nutrition of Livestock

Even though, minerals and vitamins as nutrients are as essential as energy and protein, general negligence occurs primarily because they are required in little quantities, making them insignificant comparison to energy and protein feed resources. However, the way they regulate enzyme / hormones involved in metabolisim, production and health, their importance in animal nutrition cannot be under estimated. Deficiencies of minerals and vitamins occur frequently in diets consisting of common feed ingredients, and these need to be provided in a supplemental form. The term requirement for minerals is only a guideline as many conditions of antagonism / synergism and productivity level alter the requirement. Besides, the degree of bioavailability of individual mineral influences the dietary requirement, therefore it is important to know the bioavailability of minerals and vitamins in both common feed ingredients and dietary supplements used in animal feeding. Thus specific minerals deficiency or toxicity problems become area- or feed- specific. The quantity or quality of minerals in feed and fodders thus become dependent of soil and type of feed / fodder cultivar. The minerals are classified on the basis of their requirement.


2275_Advances in Mineral and Vitamin.jpg


Bioavailability of minerals
A series of chemical changes take place in the rumen and digestive tract when we feed a given mineral that allow it to be absorbed. The %age of mineral absorbed in relation to the amount fed can be referred to as the biological availability or bioavailability. As the genetic potential of the herd improves, mineral supplementation strategies become more vital and are influenced by a variety of factors, including forage mineral bioavailability, mineral interactions, stage of production and even breed. Adequate intake and balance are required for proper functioning of all the metabolic processes including immune response and reproduction . Depending on the factors mentioned above, bioavailability can vary widely and must be considered when diet is formulated.

Posted Date: 9/14/2012 7:40:24 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Advances in mineral and vitamin nutrition of livestock, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Advances in mineral and vitamin nutrition of livestock, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Advances in mineral and vitamin nutrition of livestock Discussions

Write discussion on Advances in mineral and vitamin nutrition of livestock
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Describe 5 ways that a microorganisms directly or indirectly affects our lives.

Q. Concerning volition of the individual how can the reactions of the nervous system be classified? The efferences (reactions) of the nervous system can be classified into volu

What are the Cardiac muscles We know that the heart muscles (cardiac muscles) are not under the control of  mind. The day we are born, it starts its activity and the day peopl

All currently available inotropic agents act to increase Ca 2+ for activation in both normal and failing myocardium (Hurst). The use of inotropic agents in the treatment of CHF is

Q. What is hypertension? The Hypertension is a disease in which the arterial blood pressure, during systole or during diastole, is abnormally high. The Hypertension, or high

Post removal Types of post : -Active threaded -Passive -Custom casted Cement used : -Traditional cement -bonded with a composite resin -Dentin-bonding agent -Pro

Explain the Heat Fixation Method? This is the usual method. Here, bacteria is fixed by gentle heating of air-dried bacterial film, which results in coagulation of bacterial pro

What are the morphological similarities and differences among nematodes and annelids? Nematodes, like annelids, have a cylindrical elongated body. Annelids differentiate from

How is the blood typing concerning the ABO system and the Rh usually done? In the blood typing for the ABO system and the Rh system a blood sample is collected from the person