Object Oriented Characteristics of C++ Assignment Help

C++ Programming - Object Oriented Characteristics of C++

Object

C++ brings in object oriented programming (OOP) characteristics. It proposes classes, which render the four characteristics by and large demonstrated in OOP and some non-OOP languages. These are:

Encapsulation

Abstraction

Polymorphism

Inheritance

Objects are instances of classes produced at run time. One differentiating characteristic of C++ classes compared to classes in other programming languages is accompaniment for inevitable consequence destructors, which in turn render support for the Resource Allocation is Initialization conception.

The object is the part of the program which recognizes how to execute specific operations and to assemble with other factors of the program. The functions have antecedent been depicted as black boxes which takes the input and expel out the output. Objects could be believed as 'smart' black boxes. Objects could recognize how to perform more than one particular task and they could keep their own data set. Projecting the program on objects permits the programmer to exhibit the program in pursuit of the real world. A program could be decomposed into peculiar parts and each of these components could execute reasonably easy tasks. All of these easy components, whenever are functioned together into the program, it could render the more complex and effective application.

Member Functions and Member Data

The data whose records are stored by the object is known as member data and the actions which the object experiences how to perform are known as member functions. Both the member data and the variables in the frequent function are very alike in the sense that no another object could receive access to that data (except when given consent through the object). Member data stores its values throughout the object's life.

Objects and illustration

There is a very significant differentiation between the object and the of the object. the object is really the definition or the outline for illustration of that object. The illustration of the object is the real thing that could be manipulated.

Objects are modes of clustering components of programs into manageable, small components. Objects are merely the definition for the data type to be kept. The illustration of the object holds purposeful data, these are controlled through the program. At this point, there could be more than one illustration of the object. The illustration of objects records track of information known as  illustration variables or member data. Such data is kept record of through the illustration up to a time that it is no longer persists. Object cases also recognize how to execute specific functions, known as class functions or member functions. Every illustration of the object executes the identical measures while fulfilling the member function, even though the measures could be determined by the illustration' present member data.

In C++, the object is the area of storage with related semantics. The declaration int i; asssigns that it is the object of type int. In respect of an object model of C++, the word object denotes to the illustration of class. Hence the class outlines the conduct of perhaps many objects cases. The objects are by and large concerned through references, that are aliases for the object. The apparent implementation of the reference is as the(constant) pointer which is dereferenced each period of time it is employed.

A C++ class description brings forth the user defined type. A class outlines the features of its cases in respect of members: member functions (methods) and data members(state) and the perceptibility of these members to the other different classes. A class outlines the all forms of those objects which adjunct to that class. For each object of the class which is made gets a replica of all that class data members, take exception to those explicitly stated as static. The member functions of the class shared by all the objects of that particular class.

 Object Design

The role which the object plays in the program should be competent to outline one to three short sentences. Whenever it gets more than this sentences to depict the role of the object, then there must be more than one object. For illustration, the role of the object for good concise would be:

 

ñ   All requests handled into the data structure

OR

ñ  In the multi-user game, the arbitrates moves

OR

ñ  Does all data type conversions is done in the program

OR

ñ  Simple interface to writing, reading and analyzing files.

Summary of data objects

A data object is the area of warehousing that holds the value or set of values. Each value could be accessed employing the more complex expression or its identifier which relates to the object. By way of addition, each object has the specific type of data. The object's data type finds out the retention allocation for which object and the explanation of the values throughout consequent approach. This can also be employed in any type assuring operations. Both data type of the object and the identifier are set up in the object declaration.

The illustration of the class type is by and large known as the class object. Furthermore, the individual class members are known as objects. The class object is composed of the group of all member objects. Frequently, the data types are assembled in to type forms that overlap, which are as follows:

Derived types versus Fundamental types

In Standard C++, derived types are also called compound types that are developed from the group of basic types and consist of pointers, arrays, structures, enumerations and unions. All of the C++ classes are regarded as compound types. Fundamental data types are also referred as built-in, basic or fundamental to the language. These comprise characters, floating-point numbers and integers.

User-defined types versus Built-in types

User-defined types are developed through the user from the group of basic types, in type  enumeration definitions, union, def and structure. C++ classes are regarded as user-defined types. Built-in data types comprise of all the fundamental types, plus types which concern to the basic types addresses such as pointers and arrays.

Aggregate types versus Scalar types

Aggregate types expresses multiple values of the different types or similar type whereas scalar types expresses the single data value. Scalars comprise pointers and the arithmetic types. Aggregate types comprise structures and arrays. C++ classes are regarded aggregate types