Managing diarrhoea in children, Biology

Assignment Help:

Q. Managing diarrhoea in children?

Managing diarrhoea in children is of great concern. The guidelines for the same are as follows:

1. The first objective is to rehydrate the child. Thus using ORS would be the ideal modality. The WHO-ORS standard preparation is useful but recent studies have suggested that the osmolarily of the solution should be reduced from 311mmol/ Litre to 200-250 m mol/litre by reducing the concentration of glucose. Sodium has a beneficial effect on the stool output and duration especially in non-cholera diarrhoea. This can be achieved by diluting the ORS salt in 1.5 litres instead or the usual 1 litre for infants under age 2 months.

2. Breast feeding should be continued in young infants during diarrhoea. This helps in decreasing the number and volume of stools and the duration of diarrhoea. Starving the child during diarrhoea may deteriorate the nutritional status.

3. Children 4-6 months of age or older should receive energy rich mixture of soft weaning foods in addition to breast milk. The energy rich mixture can be a mix of cereal, pulse, roots, green leafy vegetables, and fats like ghee, butter that are easy to digest. The caloric density of the feeds can be increased by using amylase rich flour (ARF), i. e the flour obtained from germinated grain which is rich in amylase and call be prepared as a soft and thin porridge without taking away its nutritional value. Fermented foods like dhokla, bread, idli, dosa may be included in the diet.

4. Foods to be avoided include: spicy and oily foods, confectionary, mithai and chocolates, as well as, uncooked fruits and vegetables.

5. Supplementation with B-complex vitamins especially folic acid, vitamin B,, and minerals like zinc help in normalizing the intestine.

6. The criteria for monitoring the state of hydration and nutritional status are: good urine output, appearance of the eyes, skin, buccal mucosa and weight gain.

7. Consult the doctor, if required.

Related Discussions:- Managing diarrhoea in children

What is physical activity ratio, What is Physical activity ratio? Physi...

What is Physical activity ratio? Physical activity ratio (PAR): The energy cost of an activity per unit of time (usually a minute or an hour) expressed as a multiple of BMR. It

Show thw cellular structure of protein synthesis, Q. What is the cellular s...

Q. What is the cellular structure to which mRNA molecules bind to start the protein synthesis? To make proteins mRNA molecules essentially associate to ribosomes. Ribosomes hav

What are fat soluble vitamins, What are fat soluble vitamins? As we al...

What are fat soluble vitamins? As we already know, there are four fat-soluble vitamins - A, D, E and K, The presence of fat is required for the assimilation of these vitamins

What is the meaning of schizogony, What is the meaning of Schizogony? A...

What is the meaning of Schizogony? A form of asexual reproduction found in some protozoans. An already multinucleated cell undergoes cell division which results in each daughte

Indications for surgery of mitral regurgitation, Q. Indications for Surgery...

Q. Indications for Surgery of mitral regurgitation? Surgery is indicated in all symptomatic patients (class II and above) with severe mitral regurgitation and normal or decreas

Explain the principles of isolated soybean proteins, Principles of Isolated...

Principles of Isolated soybean proteins The basic principles of ISP production are simple. Soybean protein isolates are obtained by selective solubilisation of  the protein (e.

Simple squamous epithelium - stratified squamous epithelium, Q. How differe...

Q. How different is the simple squamous epithelium from the stratified squamous epithelium? Where can these epithelia are found in the human body? The simple squamous epitheliu

Self-pollination - types of pollination, Self-Pollination - Types of Pollin...

Self-Pollination - Types of Pollination Self-pollination refers to the transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same flower. In chasmogamous flowers the

Sociability - qualitative characters, Sociability (Gregariousness) Soc...

Sociability (Gregariousness) Sociability refers to the nature of grouping of individual plants, that is, whether they grow singly, in patches, in colonies or evenly intermixed

Glomerular filtrate in comparison to the blood, Q. What is the major transf...

Q. What is the major transformation presented by the glomerular filtrate in comparison to the blood? Glomerular filtrate is the name given to the plasma after it has entered th

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd