## How to calculate the bus - bar voltage and kilowatt output., Electrical Engineering

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Q. Two shunt wound generators running in parallel supply a total load current of 4000 A. Each generator has an armature resistance of 0.02? and a field of 40?. The fiels are excited so that the emf induced in one generator is 480 V and in another 490 V, find the bus - bar voltage and kilowatt output of each machine.

Sol.            V = bus bar voltage

I1 = current output of generator 1

I2 = current output of generator 2

I1 + I2 =  4000

Ish = V/Rsh

Bus - bar voltage

In each machine

Bus bar voltage + voltage

Drop in armature = EMF generated

for  generated 1, E1 = V + Ia1 Ra

480 = V + (I1 + V/40) × 0.02

(Ia1 = I1 + Ish)

for  generated 2 490 =  V + (I2 + V/40) × 0.02

Subtrating both with each other we get,

0.0212 - 0.0211 = 10

or      I2 - I1 = 500

or      (4000 - I1) - I1 = 500

I1 = 1750A and I2 = 4000 - 1750 = 2250A

Now          480 = V + (I1 + V/40) × 0.02    or      490 =  V + (I2 + V/40) × 0.02

On solving V = 444.8 volts

Kilowatt output

kW output of gen. 1, VI1/1000 = 444.8 × 1750/1000 = 778.4kW

kW output of gen. 2, VI1/1000 = 444.8 × 2250/1000 = 1001kW

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