Cost analysis purposes, Managerial Accounting

Assignment Help:

Cost Analysis purposes

For purposes of cost analysis, the desegregation of the generic value chain into individual value activities should reflect three principles that are not mutually exclusive:

•    The size and growth of the cost symbolized by the activity costs
•    The cost behavior of the activity
•    Competitor differences in executing the activity

Activities should be separated for cost analysis if they represent a significant or rapidly growing percentage of operating costs or assets. While most firms can easily identify the large components of their cost, they frequently overlook smaller but growing value activities that can eventually change their cost structure. Activities that represent a small and stagnant percentage of costs or assets can be grouped together into broader categories.

Activities must also be separated if they have different cost drivers. Activities with similar cost drivers can be safely grouped together. For example, advertising and promotion usually belong in separate value activities because advertising cost is sensitive to scale while promotional costs are largely variable. Any activity a business unit shares with others should also be treated as a separate value activity since conditions in other business units will affect its cost behavior. The same logic applies to any activity that has important linkages with other activities. In practice, one does not always know the drivers of cost behavior at the beginning of an analysis; hence the identification of value activities tends to require several iterations. The initial breakdown of the value chain into activities will inevitably represent a best guess of important differences in cost behavior. Value activities can then be aggregated or disaggregated as further analysis exposes differences or similarities in cost behavior. Usually an aggregated value chain is analyzed first, and then particular value activities that prove to be important are investigated in greater detail.
A final test for separating value activities is the behavior of competitors. Significant activities should be treated separately when a competitor performs them in a different way. Differences among competitors raise the possibility that an activity is the source of a relative cost advantage or disadvantage.

Related Discussions:- Cost analysis purposes

Determine the need and importance of management accounting, Determine the N...

Determine the Need and importance of management accounting: 1.Increasing efficiency: management accounting increases efficiency of business operations. The targets of differe

Decision making, A local government authority owns and operates a leisure c...

A local government authority owns and operates a leisure centre with numerous sporting facilities, residential accommodation, a cafeteria and a sports shop. The summer season lasts

Explanation of objectives of budgetary control system, Problem 1 Manage...

Problem 1 Management accounting is sensitive to management needs; however, it assists the management and does not replace it. Write down in detail the scope of management accou

Periodic system and a perpetual system, Your manager has informed you that ...

Your manager has informed you that the company is trying to determine if it should use a periodic system or a perpetual system in accounting for the inventory. He wants you to spea

Advise c''man on the form of business entity he should select, Coleman, a m...

Coleman, a married taxpayer, is going to establish a manufacturing business. He anticipates that the business will be profitable immediately due to a patent he holds. He predicts t

What is the meaning cost reduction, Normal 0 false false fa...

Normal 0 false false false EN-IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 What is the Meaning Cos

Monitor, Monitor Let's start by having you think about the controlling ...

Monitor Let's start by having you think about the controlling your car (aka "driving")! Your steering, acceleration, and braking are not the random things to be done; they are

The cost per equivalent whole unit, During the year Leyland Company complet...

During the year Leyland Company completed 1,300 units of product. Ending inventory consisted of 400 units that were 50% complete. The total dollar cost associated with production o

Research, Activity Based costing and Functional Based Costing compare them ...

Activity Based costing and Functional Based Costing compare them together in terms of efficiency, advantages, disadvantages and accuracy.

Write Your Message!

Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd