Reference no: EM13348258
Richard, aged 16 and employed as helper by Wood World Limited, sustained injury to his left index and ring fingers when they came into contact with the moving blade of a circular saw machine which Richard was using to cut a wooden pallet of dimension 1000 *100*80 mm. Richard went to a nearby hospital for treatment where he was admitted. Richard was discharged from the hospital after 24 hours. Enquiry carried out at the governmental level revealed that:
(i) The blade of the said machine was not guarded to prevent access to it.
(ii) Richard was neither informed, instructed, supervised nor trained on the precautionary measures to be observed when working on the circular saw machine.
(iii) Management of Wood World Ltd admitted that Richard, being 16 years old, is a young person and should not have been authorized to work with wood working machines unless being trained and supervised to do so.
(iv) Management of Wood World Ltd had also not notified the authority concerned about the occurrence of the accident by sending the report of accident.
(a) Analyse this accident and identify the basic and indirect causes of this accident.
(b) Is this accident a notifiable one according to the Occupational Safety and Health Act 2005? Justify your answer
(c) Recommend remedial/preventive measures to be considered in such accident and identify the person/s to implement the recommendations
(d) According to you, are there any breaches of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 2005 with regards to this accident and if any, please explain the breaches?
(a) An accident involving explosion of a boiler has occurred in a factory in which 2 employees have been seriously injured. Describe in detail, how, as a future Safety and Health Officer, you would proceed with the investigation of the accident
(b) Outline the Provision of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 2005 with respect to ‘Notification of Occupational Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences'. Support your answer with a list of injuries requiring immediate notification.
(a) Describe six types of personal protective equipment that can be used to avoid or minimize injuries to workers
(b) List the six important points that should be considered during the planning stage of a health and safety promotion programme
(c) Safety Tours and Safety Audits are accident prevention techniques which are normally carried out at workplaces to ensure that health and safety is being observed and maintained at an acceptable level. Differentiate between the above two accident prevention techniques and illustrate in which situations each of the accident prevention technique is carried out.
(a) Elaborate and illustrate the four steps for performing a Job Safety Analysis/Job Hazard Analysis
(b) ‘Safe systems of work are of paramount importance in accident prevention and should fully identify and document all the hazards, safety precautions and safe working practices associated with all the activities performed by the employees'
According to you, what should safe systems of work comprise of in order to prevent occurrence of accidents