Reference no: EM131034208
Question 1. Read the following quotation from Miller and Reading (1986, p. 64). If constituency support is necessary before particular accounting approaches become embodied in accounting standards, does this have implications for the ‘neutrality' and ‘representational faithfulness' (qualitative characteristics that exist in various conceptual framework projects around the world) of reports generated in accordance with accounting standards?
Accounting Theory and Current Issue
"The mere discovery of a problem is not sufficient to assure that the Financial Accounting Standards Board will undertake its solution ... There must be a suitably high likelihood that the Board can resolve the issues in a manner that will be acceptable to the constituency-without some prior sense of the likelihood that the Board members will be able to reach a consensus, it is generally not advisable to undertake a formal project".
Question 2. As Watts and Zimmerman (1986, p. 7) state, Positive Accounting Theory ‘is concerned with explaining [accounting] practice. It is designed to explain and predict which firms will and which firms will not use a particular accounting method ... but it says nothing as to which method a firm should use'. Do you think that this represents an ‘abrogation' of the academics' duty to serve the community that supports them?
General Instructions for both assignment questions
You should then respond to the statement by arguing a position. Do you agree or disagree, explaining why. You should give consideration to events in recent years that may have had an influence.