Recent Trends in Microprocessors:
The 8086 is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel in the year of 1976, which gave rise to the x86 architecture. It can be utilized as a CPU for microcomputer and it is compatible with 8085 microprocessor. It contains 29,000 transistors. It contains 16-bit data bus and 20-bit address bus. It can read/write data to memory 16 bits or 8 bits at a time and it can address 220=1,048,576 memory locations that store a byte. 16-bit words shall be stored in two consecutive memory locations. The initial commercial microcomputer built on the basis of the 8086 was the Mycron 2000. The most influential microcomputer of all, the IBM PC, utilized the Intel 8088, a version of the 8086 along a narrower memory bus.