Buildings and Trees: Natural Partners
Deciduous trees planted on the south and on the west will help keep your house cool in the summer and permit the Sun to shine in the windows in the winter. Orientation of the house and surrounding landscaping has a huge effect on energy consumption. A well-oriented, well-designed home
1. admits low-angle winter Sun to reduce heating bills;
2. Rejects overhead summer Sun to reduce cooling bills; and
3. minimises the chill effect of winter winds.
Fences, walls, other nearby buildings and lines of trees or shrubs block or channel the wind. Bodies of water moderate temperature other than increase humidity and produce glare. Trees give shade, windbreaks, and wind channels. Pavements reflect or absorb heat, depending on whether they are light or dark in color.