Multiplying Whole Numbers:
Multiplication is the procedure of counting a number two or more times. It could be considered a shortened form of addition. Therefore, to add the number 4 three times, 4 + 4 + 4, we can use multiplication terms, that is, 4 multiplied through 3. While numbers are multiplied, the result is known as the product. The numbers multiplied are called factors. One factor is known as the multiplicand; the other is called the multiplier. Multiplication is implies by the times or multiplication sign (x), by a raised dot (.), or by an asterick (*).
x 4 x Multiplier
In multiplying various numbers, the similar product is acquired even if the numbers are multiplied in a various order or even if some of the numbers are multiplied together before the last multiplication is made. These properties are known as the commutative and associative laws for multiplication.