What is historical background to understand shakespeare play, English

What is historical background to understand Shakespeare play?

Shakespeare was part of the European Renaissance—a cultural "rebirth" where scholars throughout Europe rediscovered some of the greatest ideas of ancient times, and developed many new ones of their own based upon them. It was a very EXCITING time—the beginnings of modern science, where people like Galileo, Shakespeare’s contemporary, discovered that the earth was not the center of the universe; his new theories set on its head the old ways of thinking about man and his place in the universe.

Other Renaissance thinkers developed a philosophy of the individual, giving man the confidence in his own ability to shape his own destiny, to overcome fate. And the Protestant Reformation gave man another powerful tool to interpret his destiny and understand his relationship with his creator: the Bible in his own language.

Furthermore, the "New World" of the Americas had been only recently discovered, and maps and conquests and treasures transformed small European countries into sea powers and colonial empires. The new trade that resulted enriched many—though there was still much social unrest and legitimate grievances.

Shakespeare’s England existed in a time of peace. The 100 years war had been over for half a century, and the warring houses of Lancaster and York had been united in the House of Tudor. There was also a religious peace of sorts: the English Reformation stabilized relations between radical reformers of the Church and the Roman Catholics. And after Elizabeth died in 1603, the kingdom passed over to the House of Stuarts, under King James, whose sponsorship of the arts produced the King James Bible and some of the greatest drama and poetry ever written.

Into all this peace and prosperity was born William Shakespeare, in 1564 in a rural town of England called Stratford-on-Avon. His father, a leatherworker, became one of the towns leading citizens—even mayor for a time. As a result, William had the benefit of a free education at the local grammar school. There he studied rhetoric, Christian ethics, and classical literature, and learned how to write formal letters and deliver formal speeches. Although Shakespeare had no university training, he did have a good understanding of French, Latin, ancient and English history, continental fiction, and the English "classics" of his day, especially Chaucer.

When he was 18 he married Anne Hathaway, a women 8 years older than he; their first child was born 6 months later. Shakespeare had 3 children; they and their mother continued to live in Stratford even when young Will moved to London to be part of the theatre.

Early on in his theatrical career, Shakespeare was probably an actor, but he began writing plays by his mid twenties. When he was 29 he became a partner in his own acting company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men. Evidently, he became wealthy, for records exist of him buying a large house in Stratford within a few years. Shakespeare retired to that house in his late 40s, and died there at age 52

Over the course of 25 years William Shakespeare wrote 38 plays of remarkable variety, 2 long narrative poems, and 154 sonnets. He had a remarkable ability to bring to life real dilemmas concerning love, trust, honor, jealousy, ambition, and power.

If his words and characters are able to speak to you today, over this gap of 400 years, then perhaps he does deserve the title, "a genius for all time."

Posted Date: 5/2/2013 2:44:17 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- What is historical background to understand shakespeare play, Assignment Help, Ask Question on What is historical background to understand shakespeare play, Get Answer, Expert's Help, What is historical background to understand shakespeare play Discussions

Write discussion on What is historical background to understand shakespeare play
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
In what piece is the action highlightedwhat emtions prompt action. how would story changeifthe characterinvolved were able to overcomthedaerkerimpulse

activities about foregrounding, deviation and parallelism in stylistics

I have for the first time found that I can truly love, the eros type of love, the moment you became mine. I have or I had?

Explain the Types of Reports? i) Information reports Presents data without analysis Routine activities - daily, weekly and monthly reports Form reports - compla

Book Review: “The Demon in the Freezer”, by Richard Preston paper review Use 14 pt. font, Veranda size 14 font, spaced at 1.5 lines You will critique the book for us in a minimum l

Organizing your essay The introduction is critical. Remember the old saying First impressions are the most important? This is true with state assessment writing. The introducto

(Outline the main sources of inward direct investment, the industries in which FDI occurred, the destination of the exports of those industries and the industries in which inward F

Oxymoron is used in the paragraph that begins “Sometimes he talked to her…” on page 154 to A. show the crucial nature of the evidence Winston had held. B. inject sarcasm into th

india in yur view

where can I find a book about the attitudes,values and lifestyles of the american character?