What is binary, Computer Engineering

Binary is an alternative number system which works very good for computers. Humans have ten fingers; that's probably why we use ten digits (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9) in our number system (decimal), but it is simple for a computer to use only two digits (0 and 1). Ones and zeros can be shown with high or low voltage, closed or open switches, aligned or misaligned magnetic particles, etc. A byte is a group of eight bits, and it is the standard unit by which data is stored. There are 256 dissimilar combinations of zeros and ones you can make with one byte, from 00000000 to 11111111. This is sufficient to cover all the ASCII characters. If more than 256 values are required, then more than one byte can be used. With two bytes, there are 65536 possible combinations of ones and zeros. These bytes can show any kind of data. For example, a picture may be made up of thousands of pairs of bytes, with each pair of bytes signifying a single dot in one of 65536 colors. Put together all these dots (known as pixels) and you have a full-color picture (most picture data is also compressed).

 

Posted Date: 4/5/2013 5:46:56 AM | Location : United States







Related Discussions:- What is binary, Assignment Help, Ask Question on What is binary, Get Answer, Expert's Help, What is binary Discussions

Write discussion on What is binary
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Define the term package- object oriented modeling A package is a common purpose mechanism for organising elements into groups. Package can also contain other packages. The no

Design a easy (text-based/ graphical) UI for  your program.  The user should be encouraged for  parameter values for  the particular protocol simulation. For  example, the user sho

Q. Explain about Hamming error correcting code? Richard Hamming at Bell Laboratories worked out this code. We will only introduce this code with help of an illustration for 4 b

Q. Fundamental types of flash memory? Code Storage Flash which is made by Intel, AMD, Atmel. It stores programming algorithms and it is largely found in cell phones. Data

CMOS circuits consume power ? Ans. As in CMOS one device is ON and one is Always OFF therefore power consumption is low or can say less than TTL.

To avoid race condition, the maximum number of processes that may be simultaneously inside the critical section is The maximum number of processes is one to ignore race conditi

What are the three basic types of web documents? There are three fundamental types of web documents: Static, Dynamic and Active. STATIC A static web document resides i

Java bean is a reusable component, where as the servlet is the java program which extends the server capability.

What are the basic steps needed to execute an instruction by the processor? Ans: The basic steps needed to execute an instruction by the processor are: A)    First fetch th

The GNU Image Manipulation Program, or GIMP, is a raster graphics editor application with some support for vector graphics. GIMP is used to process digital graphics & photographs.