What is authentication? explain authentication protocols, Computer Network Security

What is Authentication/confirmation?  How it is different from  the Authorization/approval?  Explain in brief different authentication protocols along with their merits and demerits.

Authentication is described below

Authentication is the process of checking the genuineness of someone (or) something which claims to be authentic.

In the internet applications, authentication can be done by means of login-ID and passwords, that is an individual who knows the correct ID and a respective password is considered to be a authentic user and is provided right to use to the internal applications. Whereas, the authorization is a process of assigning different access permissions to many  users.

The authorization is the initial task carried-out by a system administrator after authentication is carried away.

Or we can say that, a system administrator assigns access permissions and privileges to the users once they become authenticated.

Authentication Protocols can be defined as follows:

Authentication protocols are majorly used for addressing the security issues regarding the un trusted networks (internet). Many different protocols and methods/techniques are available for the authentication.

Diffie-Heliman Key Exchange Protocol can be understood as follows:

When two strangers like to set up a shared secret key, they can make use of the

'Diffie-Heliman Key Exchange Protocol'.

Working of Diffie-Heliman key exchange protocol is given below.

The senders and receivers will exchange the calculated and measured values between each other, using which they will compute the encryption. This calculation also comprises two more numbers which are not kept secret.

Consider a condition when Alice and Bob would like to communicate they require to have a shared secret key. To set up this key any one among Alice and Bob can decide to use two large prime numbers p and n such as the result of (p-1)/2 is also a prime number, and then tell the other            about these      numbers         frankly.          Then     both       of          them           will           choose their large secret numbers as a and b respectively.

To begin this key exchange protocol, suppose Alice sends the message consisting of (p, n na mod p) to Bob. Then Bob gives response with a message containing Alice will now compute the secret key by raising received message to the power a, that is,nb  mod p)a  = nab  mod p. Conversely,                Bob      will           compute           the                secret     key        by                 raising the            received message to the power b that is (na mod p)b = ( nab mod p). In due course, both Alice and Bob will now share the b secret key that is (nab mod p).

Disadvantage this process is as follows:

If an invader comes to know the p and n numbers somehow from the messages and if he also computes the a and b values then he will be easily able to compute the secret key which is shared by the sender and the receiver.

Merits of it are as follows:

(i)     This key swap algorithm enables the users to establish a shared session even with the strangers.

(ii)   Somehow if the intruder intercepts the message he/she cannot understand it unless he knows the shared session key as well.

Demerits of it are as follows:

(i)     The difficulty with the Diffie-heilman key exchange algorithm is that, it cannot pact with bucket brigade attack in which the intruder directly intercepts the session establishment messages.

(ii)   For interacting with the 'n' number of people, we require 'n' keys to be saved and managed.

Posted Date: 7/20/2012 5:42:10 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- What is authentication? explain authentication protocols, Assignment Help, Ask Question on What is authentication? explain authentication protocols, Get Answer, Expert's Help, What is authentication? explain authentication protocols Discussions

Write discussion on What is authentication? explain authentication protocols
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Websphere Administrator: Working as Websphere Administrator in the department called DART (Database Architecture Re-Engineering and Tuning). The major responsibilities are t

Threat Identification After identifying and performing a primary classification of an organization’s information assets, the analysis phase moves onto an examination of threats

Hashing is the transformation of a string of characters into a generally shorter fixed-length key or a value that presents the original string. Hashing is used to index and retri

Question 1 (a) Explain briefly the following terms as used in network security: (i) Denial of service (DoS) attack (ii) Birthday attack (iii) DeMilitarized Zone

A digital signature is a stamp on the data, which is unique and very hard to forge.  A digital signature has 2 steps and creates 2 things from the security perspective. STEP 1

Question : (a) "Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), as used in telephony, samples a signal at 8 kHz using 256 quantization levels". Outline how this scheme works with the help of ske

In broadcast topology there are further two types 1) SATELLITE\RADIO 2) RING TOPOLOGY In a radio or satellite topology every computers are connected to each other via radio o

Netfilter Firewall Netfilter is the popular name for the packet filtering system installed by default in the Linux kernel. The filtering system can be used as a very effective

Problem 1 Solve the following Caesar cipher by showing your working: EM KIUM EM AIE EM KWVYCMZML Problem 2 Compare and contrast between block and stream ciphers, listin