Union and or - sql, PL-SQL Programming


SQL supports UNION explicitly but differently from the way it supports JOIN explicitly. As we have seen, JOIN is used exclusively within the FROM clause, such that IS_CALLED NATURAL JOIN IS_ENROLLED_ON, for example, can be an element of that clause but cannot stand alone as a table expression. Instead, UNION always connects table expressions that can stand alone, these being:

  1. SELECT expressions
  2. TABLE tn, which is equivalent to SELECT * FROM tn, where tn is a table name
  3. VALUES expressions
  4. Invocations of UNION, INTERSECT and EXCEPT
Posted Date: 1/18/2013 5:26:48 AM | Location : United States

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