Unimarc, Humanities


IFLA Working Group on Content Designators recommended in d973 a SUPERMARC, which was based on ISBD. This was later called MARC International Format (MIF) from which the UNIMARC was developed. The final format was published in 1977. The group recognised the lack of standardisation in cataloguing as the major obstacle to a standard MARC format. Language differences and variations in subject control systems and headings for author and title files were supplementary reasons preventing the inter-tangibility of records. The functional differences between a national bibliography, and a national library were the main reasons compelling each library to develop its own format. 

The IFLA Working Group after investigating the difference in content designators and exploring the ways to accommodate these differences in the best way recommended a standard for international interchange of bibliographic data. Thus, the development of UNIMARC was undertaken. It is a communication format, which would necessitate the writing and maintaining of only two conversion programs - one from the national format to the UNIMARC and the other form the UNIMARC to the national format. It was decided that each country could have its national format but, it should be the responsibility of the national bibliographic agency in a country to translate the records from the national format to the UNIMARC for purposes of interchange. ISBD was accepted as the basis of the descriptive data elements within this format. A second edition of UNIMARC was published by IFLA International Office for UBC with a handbook with the intention of guiding the users in its application, Content designators for a variety of materials got standardised in this. Books, periodicals, maps, globes, music, scores, sound recordings, motion pictures, video-recordings, pictures, drawings, sculptures, artifacts, computer files and other related forms of materials have been covered by this standard. Non-Roman script is also accommodated. 

UNIMARC uses a special block structure in the place of areas. Data in national formats may be carried in different position but UNIMARC can identify these data functionally and establish clearly designated areas for them as the blocks. 

Posted Date: 10/25/2012 8:59:27 AM | Location : United States

Related Discussions:- Unimarc, Assignment Help, Ask Question on Unimarc, Get Answer, Expert's Help, Unimarc Discussions

Write discussion on Unimarc
Your posts are moderated
Related Questions
Directories Directories are very useful to locate answers to agency or bibliographical quiries as they cover information about organisations and their members, as well as not

Drainage patterns- As per to the configuration of the channels, drainage systems can reduce into one of many categories termed as drainage patterns. Drainage patterns depend upon

Definition The word `index' is derived from the Latin word `indicare' meaning `to point out' or `to show'. An indexing periodical is an access tool to a systematically arrange

Discuss how the "timeline" of technology has evolved and how our technologies have changed over time. Frame this answer in terms of the Agricultural, Industrial, and Knowledge Revo

Can you help me write a paper using the Jane Schaffer paragraph format?

Dictionary and Classified Catalogues For library catalogue both its outer or physical form and the inner form are equally important. The outer forms of a library catalogue com

Factors Governing Subject Indexing Systems   There are many factors that govern the design of subject heading systems. Some of the more important ones are:  content analy

SEARS LIST OF SUBJECT HEADINGS  Background   Sears List of Subject Headings (SLSH) is  an abridged version of the Library of Congress Subject Headings, named after the f

Needs At present the number of research journals published in the world is or 130,000 according to Ulrich's International Periodicals' Directory. The number of articles publi

COMMON COMMUNICATION FORMAT (CCF) Although UNESCO had developed the Reference Manual with the help of ICSU/AFB, it had not been accepted by many organisations. These organisat