Types of Warrants
The warrants can be classified into different types. They are:
These warrants are issued with most debentures, like convertible or non-convertible or equity, and are immediately detachable. They are traded in the secondary market as separate instruments.
Example: M/s. Patron Engineering Construction Co. Ltd. has issued, during March 20x3, Rs.5,00,000 - 14% secured non-convertible debentures, with detachable warrants, aggregating to Rs.500 lakh.
M/s. Malavika Steel Ltd. has announced a 5.70 crore equity shares of Rs.10 each for cash at a premium of Rs.30 attached with optional tradeable warrants.
These warrants confer a right on the investor to sell the warrant back to the company at a fixed price before the expiry of a fixed period thereby limiting his risk.
These warrants are attached to the host debentures and can be exercised only if the host debenture is surrendered.
These warrants are issued separately and not as a part of a bond or a debenture issue. The holder has the option of converting the warrant into debt or equity or some other asset of the issuer.