Types of simulation-operational gaining-monte carlo method, Managerial Accounting

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Types of Simulation

1) Operational Gaining Method:

This refers to those situations involving conflict of interest among players or decision makers within the framework of a simulated environment. The two most widely used forms of operational gaming are military games and business management games (mostly computer oriented)

• Military gaming is essentially a training device for military leaders, enabling them to test alternative strategies under simulated war conditions.
• Management games have gained wide acceptance in business and education. The primary use of business games is to help the participants be they executive in the industry or students in business develop their ability to
• Make difficult interdependent business decisions
• Evaluate new ideas and
• Introduce new techniques of decision making, (all in a simulated environment)
• Simulation of business environment provides valuable experience in conceptualizing ideas and in logical thinking.

2) Monte Carlo Method:

In Monte Carlo simulation the behavior of at least some components of the model are probabilistically determined. It can be used to solve several different classes of problems. The first are problems that involve some kind of stochastic process while the second are deterministic methods.

To carry out a realistic simulation involving probabilistic elements, it is necessary to avoid bias in the selection of the values which vary. This is done by selecting randomly using one of the following methods.

•    Random nos. generated by computers
•    Random no. tables
•    Variables in a Simulation Model

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