Types of Policies for Reducing Pollution
Globally three types of policies are pursued, viz.,
i) Command and control (CAC) measures,
ii) Market-based instruments (MBI), and
iii) Government production or expenditure.
There are several policy instruments under each of these policy options. These instruments can be of two types: direct and indirect. We present a taxonomy of policy instruments for pollution abatement in Table below.
Table: Taxonomy of Policy Instruments for Reducing Pollution