Types of games, Managerial Accounting

Assignment Help:

Types of games

Four basic ways in which competitive situations (or games) can be classified are:

(a) Number of Competitors:

In game theory a competitor is characterized as a distinct set of interests and is usually referred to as a person.  Competitors could be individuals, group of individuals, corporation, and an army etc. The smallest no. of competitors is 2 and the situation is referred to as a two-person game. If there are more than two competitors, the resulting many-person competitive situation is called and N-person game.

(b) Nature of the payoff:

Games are also classified with respect to the nature of the payoff, that is, what happens at the end of the game. The distinction in this respect is between zero-sum games and non zero-sum games. If the sum of the payoffs to all players of a game is zero, counting winnings as positive and losses as negative, then, the game is zero-sum otherwise it is non zero sum.  Zero-sum games are strictly competitive games. In a non-zero sum game, the interests of competitors may best be served if they corporate with each other.

c) The amount of information the competitors have:

There are three basic aspects of the game about which the players need some information in order to play

(i) Who their competitors are
(ii) What their competitors can do
(iii) How the outcome of the game will be affected by the actions taken by participants.

Games in which each participant knows the payoff for winning, knows who the competitors are, and knows all the moves the competitors make as soon as they make them are referred to as games with perfect information. Games lacking full information on what competitors can do or on what the outcome of the game will be in certain situations are said to be games with incomplete information. Games with complete but imperfect information may also exist.

d) Strategies:

In game theory a strategy for a particular player is a plan which specifies his action for every possible action of his opponent. It is a complete plan for playing the game in every possible eventuality. Games can be categorized according to the number of strategies available to each player. If player 1 has M possible strategies and player 2 has N possible strategies, then the game is M x N. If the greatest no. of strategies available to any player is finite, then the game is finite and if at least one player has an infinite no. of available strategies, then the game is infinite.


Related Discussions:- Types of games

Controlling, Controlling Things hardly go exactly as planned, and manag...

Controlling Things hardly go exactly as planned, and management should make a concerted effort to the monitor and adjust for their deviations. The managerial accountant is the

150 to 200 words, solutions for (POS) slow printing of sales tickets and un...

solutions for (POS) slow printing of sales tickets and unpredictable action of cash drawers. when credit approvals delayed the checkout process or when the computer was down, thus

Accounting, what is a base of managerial accounting

what is a base of managerial accounting

Advantages of value added statements, Advantages of Value Added Statements ...

Advantages of Value Added Statements 1) Managers might be in a better position to control their organizations own inputs than the cost and usage efficiency of purchased materia

Optimum cash balance - baumols model, The Baumol Model in 1952 considers ca...

The Baumol Model in 1952 considers cash management complication as same to inventory management problem. For itself the firm attempts to minimize the total cost that is the sum of

Product mix decision when capacity constraints exist, a certain company mak...

a certain company makes 3 products A,B and C and they use the same raw material zhong.details about each product is as follows.production units are 10 000 for A,8 000 for B,12 000

What are the advantages of contributionmargin analysis, What are the Advant...

What are the Advantages of contributionmargin analysis the concept of contribution is variable aid to management in making managerial decisions . a few benefits resulting from

Information system project management, Hi there, i am looking an expert to ...

Hi there, i am looking an expert to make my assignments for this subject and i do have other subjects as well. Let me know how you can go through my assignment.

Types of simulation-operational gaining-monte carlo method, Types of Simula...

Types of Simulation 1) Operational Gaining Method: This refers to those situations involving conflict of interest among players or decision makers within the framework o

Define the balanced score card, Define the Balanced Score Card? 1. Dist...

Define the Balanced Score Card? 1. Distinguish between standard control and budgetary costing. 2. Define the ‘Balanced Score Card? Explain the steps in implementing ‘Balance

Write Your Message!

Captcha
Free Assignment Quote

Assured A++ Grade

Get guaranteed satisfaction & time on delivery in every assignment order you paid with us! We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report!

All rights reserved! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd