Types of Diseases
As we have indicated above. there are diseases,that a person is born with, for example, a baby may have a defective heart at the time of its birth. Then there are some diseases like- hamophilia in which there is a severe tendency to bleed even from a slight cut, because the parents or grand parents had them. These diseases are called "congenital" diseases. Some physical deformities are caused to babies at the time of their birth because they are handled by untrained attendants. Then there are also diseases, which are broadly grouped as
Communicable diseases are caused by micro-organisms and worms; examples are cholera, chicken pox. tuberculosis, malaria etc. some comman infectious diseases are those which are not due to an external infection, and so they cannot be spread from person to person, for example anaemia, diabetes, arthritis etc. Some common infectious and non-infectious diseases are listed in Table.