Types of business forecasting are generally as follows:
1. Sales and Demand forecasts
2. Porduction forecasts.
3. Cost Forecasts
4. Financial forecasts
5. Profit forecasts
6. Other forecasts Business , competition,, business cycles, govt. Policies, forecasting about consumers income , interest, habit , fashion, preference, etc.
1. Sales and Demand Forecasts
Sales are directly related with business objectives and demand is related with sales of goods and series .Hence, a forecasting is to be conducted about the market demand of the product on the basis of given facts and data using the statistical methods for proper analysis of data and facts. A businessman is always interested to know that what quantity of his product will be demanded by the consumers at given prices during the budget period? So that he can make a necessary arrangement for production and sales.
2. Production Forecasts:
Production forecasting is necessary to achieve the target of proposed sales during the budget period so that supply of goods or services may be possible . to consumers well in time .It should be perfectness . Hence, with the help of forecasting it is to be decided that What to produce, How to produce, For whom to produce, when to produce and What quantity is to be produced during the budget period. Forecasting replies all these question .At the time of production forecasting factors are to be considered, like the availability of required and adequate raw material and labour, production technique quantity of stock required , market prices business condition etc.
3. Cost Forecasts: After the preparation of production budget it is essential determine its projected cost so that financial arrangement may be made well time as per business requirement . Production process cannot run smoothly without proper expenditure to be incurred for budgeted production which should be determined ,total and per unit both. Forecasting about production costs should be definite whether direct or indirect to determine the price of product. Costs forecast considers the standard and budget cost. Market price of factors of production market competition, availability of factors in the market , production techniques, organisation level etc.
4. Financial forecasts
After costs forecast it is necessary to arrange the required funds to operate the production process during the budget period. Finance works like blood in human body or oil in machines. Finance always plays a dominant role in business because without finance no economic activity can be operated in business . To keep continuity in production process and to incur the cost, financial budget should be prepared with the help of financial forecasting. The basis objective of a commercial organisation is to earn maximum profit. Hence, profit forecasting is essential. It shows the amount of profit to be earned during the budgeted period and it is according to target or not. It considers the revenue and cost budget along with other factors such as tax policy, dividend policy etc.
5. Other Forecasts:
Forecasting regarding market conditions, business fluctuations, government policies, nature , habit, interest, preference of the consumers. demonstration effect may also be conducted as per the requirement of business.