Identify whether each of the following transactions involves spot exchange, contract, or vertical integration. For the last item if the contract length is optimal or suboptimal.
a. Elasticities R Us, a local econometric forecasting firm, purchases office equipment from Staples.
b. Exxon-Mobil uses the oil extracted from its wells to produce raw polypropylene, a type of plastic.
c. Arcadia University contracts with Marriott for housekeeping services and has a legal obligation to purchase these services for the next 3 years.
d. Wavy Wall Construction - a homebuilding contractor - purchases drywall from the local Home Depot.
e. As a manager of the WeDoWell Corporation, you have negotiated with several vendors and are on the verge of signing an eight-year contract with Bolts Enterprises. Under the contract, they would ship to you 2,000 titanium bolts per month at a price of $1,000 per bolt. Your assistant has just brought you an article from a trade publication that indicates another company has developed a new technology that reduces the cost of producing the titanium bolts. How would this information affect the optimal length of your contract with Bolts Enterprises? Explain.